Hon. FRANK OLIVER (Minister of the Interior) moved for leave to introduce Bill
(No. 102) respecting immigration. He said: This Bill, in amendment of the Act which was passed in 1906, is made necessary principally because of changes of condition that have occurred since that time. While the principles of the Act of 1906 are not altered by this Bill, the law is amended in its method of operation to meet the necessity of adopting active exclusion provisions along the international boundary. When the Act of 1906 was introduced, it was framed with a view of dealing with immigrants from overseas. Although it applied to immigrants from across the line, it was especially framed to meet the other conditions. Now, it has become necessary to make similar provision for the exclusion of undesirables along the three thousand miles of frontier between Canada and the United States that we formerly had carried out at the ocean ports. And, as the Act was drawn with a view to applying to the ocean ports, it is necessary that it should be amended in its definitions and operation so as to clearly and definitely provide for the exclusion of undesirables who arrive in Canada by rail or by road. There has also arisen, since the passage of the Act of 1906, the question of Asiatic immigration. And while in that respect the Act does not require much change, still it has been thought advisable to provide for effectively dealing with that class of immigration, not so much bv the introduction of a new principle but to provide specific means for the enforcement of the existing principle. This Bill also provides for relieving the situation as it at present exists in which the government has to exercise an arbitrary authority in the exclusion of immigrants. This Bil1 provides that, under certain circumstances, a board of inquiry shall sit and decide on the merits of the cases brought before it, a record of each case being kept. When the existing law was introduced, it was not expected that there would be such an extensive enforcement of the exclusion provisions, and practically there was no machinery provided-authority was given and under that authority an order issued. This is felt to be an arbitrary method for this country, so it is deemed advisable that machinery should De provided for dealing with these cases, each case to be on record so that its merits may be understood by the public. While that provision is proposed, there is another which I place before the House now as being important. While we provide for a board of inquiry for the consideration of cases of proposed rejection at our ports or at the boundary line, we also make provision that, until an immigrant has been received into Canada-that is to say until he has passed our officers-he is not able to avail him-
self of tlie protection of the courts. In other words, until a man has actually and legally entered Canada, he is not entitled
to claim the protection of ttie courts of Canada. I state this provision of the Bill clearly and thus early in the proceedings, that its) merits-or demerits-may be understood and every opportunity afforded for discussion. If it does not meet with the approval of the House, of course the Bill can be amended in that particuiar.