March 30, 1915

CON

Albert Sévigny (Deputy Speaker and Chair of Committees of the Whole of the House of Commons)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. SEVIGNY:

I beg to report, Air.

Speaker, that there is no quorum.

Topic:   SUPPLY.
Permalink
CON

Thomas Simpson Sproule (Speaker of the House of Commons)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Air. SPEAKER:

It is probably my duty

to make the count. There are 22 members

in the House, which is two more than a quorum.

The House haying resumed in Committee of Supply, Mr. Sevigny in the Chair:

Topic:   SUPPLY.
Permalink
CON

Charles Joseph Doherty (Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. DOHERTY:

The first thing that seemed to call for improvement was the condition in regard to the insane convicts. Sometimes, when you improve a system, you alter the situation in regard to individuals. Very shortly after the close of last session I took up the matter of the removal of the insane. It was not a thing that could be done in a day. Arms were not held wide open to take these people off our hands. It was a matter of persuading the provincial authorities to allow these men to be removed. It took some months of correspondence, and it might have been done more promptly if there had not been other matters of considerable importance that occupied a great deal of the time of the Minister of Justice. We have not lived an ordinary year, and it is not only penitentiary matters that have had to wait. It was necessary for me to deal with this matter personally before I could bring about any consent to take these insane persons off our hands. I do not think this is the best -way to deal with this question. I hope we shall have an institution under Dominion control for convicts of this class, but in the meantime we have adopted the best possible method of disposing of the matter. We are now dealing with the whole system of the regulations and with the whole body of the recommendations. They are important recommendations. Many of them commend themselves to my judgment, although I do not agree with them all. I have taken means of ascertaining to what extent precisely they ought to be carried out. I thought that in dealing with them it was a reasonable and fair thing that I should endeavour to have the views of the men who have experience in administering the penitentiaries. I do not look upon them as being infallible, but I think it is the part of wisdom to have the benefit of their judgment. These recommendations have been submitted to all the different wardens and we have received the last of their reports. We propose now to take up the question of making regulations.

As regards what has been said about tubbing and hosing, it is hardly fair, although I do not impute any intention of unfairness, to let it go broadcast to the world that this tubbing is a matter of recent

occurrence. I followed the hon. gentleman as carefully as I could, and if I am not mistaken the last case which he described as tubbing was a case that occurred seven years before the evidence was given. At all events, I think we can agree that it was a number of years anterior to the time when the evidence was given, which was in 1913.

I would say that it was five or six years before the evidence was given, which would place it in 1907 or 1908. In face of that circumstance I think we might fairly say that tubbing is not one of the things we have had to contend with to-day. In regard to this punishment of hosing, we have had no recent case. The hon. gentleman says that my answer gave it as May, 1913, and that the witness to whom he referred said it was in July. I think the witness he refers to must be mistaken. It is only a matter of two months anyway, but the reason I think is, as I say, that since the beginning of the wardenship of Colonel Irvine there has been no hosing, and the wardenship of Colonel Irvine began about July. However, it is not very material, except as a matter of absolute accuracy. ,

Topic:   SUPPLY.
Permalink
LIB

William Cameron Edwards

Liberal

Mr. EDWARDS:

I think that if my hon. friend looks at his brief he will see that the evidence of Grey is that the last tubbing took place in July, 1913.

Topic:   SUPPLY.
Permalink
CON

Charles Joseph Doherty (Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. DOHERTY:

I am only pointing out why he must have been mistaken, but at all events it does not matter very materially. I wish to say with regard to this punishment that I am not here to defend it. It is a punishment provided under regulations, and I am informed it was approved by Order in Council on the recommendation of the Hon. David Mills, who certainly was known in days past as a most humane man, and I am informed, with the approval of Sir Oliver Mowat, who was also a humane man. I may also point out that the majority of the wardens of the penitentiaries, men of high character, and some of long experience, looked upon this as a desirable form of punishment as a last resort. I do not point this out for the purpose of saying that it is a thing that ought to be continued^ but for the sake of showing that it is not fair to condemn as cruel for the infliction of this punishment a man holding office in which it is prescribed to him by higher authority that this was a suitable punishment to inflect.

We have taken up this whole subject very seriously. We have not been able

to deal with it as promptly as we would in another year, and under other conditions, but it is not helpful to us, when we are trying to introduce improvements, to have it stated in the press and elsewhere that to-day we are doing barbarous things. I heard it stated this afternoon, by an hon. member, that he had seen instruments of torture in the penitentiary, and I would be glad to know what these instruments of torture are, because I certainly have no desire to see them the-e. I want to point out how unfortunate it is that we should have statements go forward, without evidence to support them, as regards the condition of the penitentiaries to-day. I had occasion the other evening to read a statement from the warden of the Kingston penitentiary as to the conditions there to-day, and since he has been warden, and certainly that statement discloses no condition that would justify the description which was given by the hon. member for St. Lawrence (Mr. Bickerdike) to-night. I know that the representation made by the hon. gentleman was made in good faith, but fortunately it is without foundation as regards existing conditions in the peniten tiary.

We have completed the arrangements with regard to the care of the insane, and this great improvement necessarily creates a new situation in Kingston penitentiary. There is another question very close to that and which to my mind comes next to it, and that is the question of the whole system of medical attendance. I am sure the hon. member will agree with me that this iis .a most important question. There is more in that question than the position of one man; there is the question whether a different system in securing medical attendance for the convicts is not desirable. Before we come to deal with one isolated case it would be wise for us to come to a conclusion on the subject, because what may happen in a particular case may be affected very gravely by what conclusion may be reached on the general question.

I would ask nothing better than to have the time and the opportunity to bring about improvements in the conditions in our penitentiaries, but I want to say perfectly frankly that I can hold out no hope to anybody who thinks that between now and to-morrow, or between now and next week, or between now and next month, we can have an ideal system of penitentiary administration. It is not possible to effect improvement in such great haste as some people would seem to think. We are at

the beginning of things in the way of improvement, and we will have to go step by step. I believe we will in time bring about improvement, and I hope to have the cooperation of those hon. gentlemen who desire it as earnestly as I do. I shall count upon the assistance of the hon. member for Frontenac (Mr. Edwards), just as I shall count upon the assistance of the hon. member for Kingston (Mr. Nickle), and even upon the assistance of the hon. member for St. Lawrence (Mr. Bickerdike), if he gets himself into a frame of mind where he can believe that my heart is not so full of the spirit of vengeance as he affected to think it was. I do not promise the hon. member that the penitentiaries shall become such pleasure resorts as the Colorado prison that he has described. With the time that has been at my disposal I have done my utmost to bring about improvement, and 1 hope to be able to bring about still greater improvement. It is only frank and honest on my part to say that I believe that those are mistaken who nurse the idea that you can carry on institutions which only have the right to exist because it is the duty of society to punish offenders, by leaving out the element of punishment. I do not pledge myself to any undertaking of that kind. Of more importance than the condition of a particular convict is the question why society has the right to punish a man, and my belief is that the real reason why we have the right to arrest and detain a man is in order that tire punishment he receives may serve as a deterrent to others. Incidental to that punishment I would be glad to do everything I can to reform. Under no circumstances would I countenance anything that would not be humane. But when it is suggested that a penitentiary should cease to be a place where people are punished, that the conditions in it shall be made such as it shall cease to be a punitive institution, then I think the time will have arrived when the state would have no right to maintain such an institution. We have no right, in my judgment, to imprison a man exclusively for the sake of reforming him; our right rests on the necessity of punishing him to protect society, and when the necessity for punishment will have disappeared, the right to imprison will have disappeared also.

Topic:   SUPPLY.
Permalink
?

Robert Bickerdike

Mr. BICKERDIKE:

Would the hon.

gentleman not go a little further and say

that the punishment should be also with a view to reforming the prisoner?

Topic:   SUPPLY.
Permalink
CON

Charles Joseph Doherty (Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. DOHERTY:

I have said that, so far as incidentally to this punishment you can do reformatory work, my heart is entirely with the hon. member for St. Lawrence. We must all bear in mind, however, not to lose our balance. It may be creditable to our hearts when we lose our balance; but it is incumbent upon some one to keep his head in this regard, and the man who has charge of the administration of justice has to remember that justice requires punishment for violation of law, and punishment such as will operate to deter those who witness it from following the example of the offender. I do not undertake to forget that; I would be forgetting my duty if I did; but

so far as is consistent with that, anything that can be done to help reform the prisoner should be done; and, whether consistent or not with that, we must, of course, be humane. Punishment does not exclude reform. So far as anything is done that ought to be done as punishment, we ought to be assured that our punishment shall be humane; and so far as it is possible to make it serve as a reformatory influence, I shall be glad to co-operate with all those who will co-operate with me, and glad to do my best alone. If I do not get the co-operation which, after what I have heard this evening, I think I have a right to count upon.

Progress reported.

On motion of Mr. Rogers, the House adjourned at 12.05 a.m., Wednesday.

'

Topic:   SUPPLY.
Permalink

FIFTH SESSION-TWELFTH PARLIAMENT, 1915.


Abbreviations.-lr., 2r., 3r=first, second, or third reading. Amdt.=Amendment. Com.= Committee. Con.=Consideration. Div.=Division. M.=Motion. Ref.= Reference. Rep.-Report. Res.-Resolution. Sec.==Section. Aberdeen Association-franking privilege, 1370 Achim, Mr. Honore (Labelle) Address in reply to Governor General's Speech Trade of Canada, 11 Members at the front, 12 Canada and the war, 13 Defence by Belgians, 14 Experimental farm for Labelle, 2072 Address in reply to Governor General's Speech, 4 Adulteration Act Amendment Bill (Maple Sugar), lr., 1644. 2r„ 1790. Com., 1790. 3r., 1993. See 2313 Adulteration of food-maple sugar, 1785 Aeroplanes, reported appearance of, 144 Agricultural implements. See Taxation Agriculture Agricultural Instruction Act, administration of, 2107 Animals, health of, 611, 1286, 2053, 2087, 2108 Bulletins, 2083, 2088, 2092 Cold storage, 2084 Dairying industry, 2080, 2103 Department Estimates, 1228-1242, 2055-2109 French language in, 2077 Salaries, 2055 Experimental farms, 2056 Hog cholera, 627 Horses, 1230, 2104. See War supplies Insect pests, 2078, 2109 Live stock, 309, 348, 2087, 2092, 2093, 2104 Meat and Canned Foods Act, 2090 Potatoes Diggers, tariff on, 1174 Embargo on, 719, 772, 991, 1229, 2078 Powdery scab in, 2078 Shipment regulations, 1229 Seed grain. See that title Seeds, improvement of, 2106 Aikins, Sir James A. M. (Brandon) Boots, army, 2442 Food exports, government control of, 537 Recruits' attestation papers, 1988 Alberta Military training area, 155'7 Miners, unemployment of, 493 Oil leases, 48 Relief distribution, 242 Alert, revenue steamer, 1646 Aliens Assistance to, 1218, 2053 Deportation of, 2122 Interned at Petawawa, 828, 998 Registration of, 48, 1147, 1733 See Criminal Code Amendment Bill Allison. See War Ames, Mr. Herbert B. (Montreal, St. Antoine) Canadian patriotic fund, 394 Amherst Armoury, 389, 1395, 1977, 2035 Camp, 1290, 1395 Custom house, 1646 Post office, 436, 1396, 1975 Redstone Company, 1864 Ammunition, distribution of, 1652 Anderson, T. A., employment of, 605, 761, 996 Animals. See Agriculture Anticosti lightship, 309 Antigonish-Sherbrooke mail service, 46 Architect, Dominion chief, appointment of, 1958, 1961, 1966, 2184 Arichat mails, 1184 Armstrong, Mr. Joseph E. (East Lambton) Budget, 577 Record of the Government, 580 Reciprocity, 582 Naval affairs, 582 British preference, 584 Flax industry, 585 Volume i: 1-944 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628 ' A



ii Armstrong, Mr. J. E. (East Lambton) Con. Dominion elections-hours of polling, 1911 Inland navigation rates, control of, 43, 249 Taxation-gravel and sand, 1163 Arthurs, Mr. James (Parry Sound) Canadian patriotic fund, 402 Dominion elections, 1919 Astronomical observatory, western, 15S5, 1893 Atlantic and Lake Superior railway, 1468 Atlases Dominion electoral, 2307 Immigration, 1576 Auditor General Office of-non-employment of French Canadians. 2318 Australia, steamship service to, 1292 Aviation school, 1989 Bagot county mail service, 141 Baie des Chaleurs railway, claims against, Ball, Mr. R. J. (South Grey) Budget, 955 Government expenditure and employment, 955 War contracts, 956 Tariff and taxation, 956 The war and trade, 957 Dominion elections-hours of voting, 1914 Ballot, patent, allowance for, 1591 Bananas, tariff on, 1167 Bank Act Amendment Bill (loans for seed grain). Res., 1242. lr., 1246. 2r., 1349. Com., 1349. 3r„ 1359. Banks and banking Borrowings from Government, 147, 476 Finance Act, 1914, continued, 477 Barker, Hon. Samuel (East Hamilton) War supplies-horses, 2103 Barnard, Mr. Geo. H. (Victoria, B.C.) Submarines, purchase of, 107 Titles to real estate, fraudulent, 1223 Bathurst harbour, 46 Battlefields, historic, 1716 Bedard, L., dismissal of, 1652 Belgium Emigration from, 632 Relief for, 1676 Bellemare, Mr. A. (Maskinong£) Budget-agricultural production and the war, 809 Intercolonial railway ties, 309 Benjamin, H., employment of, 241 Bennett, Mr. R. B. (Calgary) Bank loans for, seed grain, 1356 Budget, 1089 Canada and the war, 1090 Fiscal policies, 1091 Expenditures on public works, 1094 Protection and free trade, 1096 Home market, 1097 British preference, 1101 Controverted elections, 1924, 2009, 2025 Dominion elections, 1899 Experimental farms, 2060 Ferguson, Mr. T. R., report of, on Department of Interior, 2592 Parliament, members of, and government contracts, 2141 Relief for western farmers, 73, 1336, 1338 Senate, the, 2336 Soldiers, votes for, 2233, 2261, 2274 Supreme Court jurisdiction, 2054 Taxation-insurance companies, 1179 War supplies-horses, 2096 Bennett, Mr. Wm. H. (East Simcoe) Canadian patriotic fund, 397 Freight rates, inland navigation, regulation of, 259 Grain shortages at elevators, 1946 Soldiers, votes for, 2257, 2475 Bickerdike, Mr. Robert (Montreal, St. Lawrence) Capital punishment, 42, 127, 281, 1763 Immigrants, inspection of, 1574 Prison reform, 1761 Binders, imports of, 1649 Blain, Mr. Richard (Peel) Budget, 794 British preference, 799 Trade of Canada, 800 Fertilizers, 801 War supplies, 802 Dominion elections, 1906, 1913 Blais, A., dismissal of, 1652 Blondin, Hon. P. E. (Minister of Inland Revenue) Excise goods in bond, transfer of, 1644 Maple sugar, adulteration of, 1644, 1790 Inland Revenue Department Appointment of temporary officials, 1644, 1868 Deputy Minister, pamphlet of, 1724 Estimates, 503-513, 1717-1727, 2313 Volume i: 1-944 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628


INDEX-1915


Blue-books, printing and distribution of, 1595, 2310 Boivin, Mr. Geo. H. (Shefford) Granby mail service, 905 Ldvis dry dock, 767 Patent shovel shield, 437, 1235 Shefford mail service, 12S7 Bonaventure Mail service, 769, 994, 2297 Purchase of war supplies in, 994 Boots, army, purchase of. See War Supplies Borden, Rt. Hon. Sir Robert (Prime Minister) Address in reply to Governor General's Speech Services of the Governor General, 20 Loyalty of Canadians of foreign origin 20 Decease of members, 21 Army boot contracts, 21 Causes of the war, 22 Canadian contingent, 24 Aeroplanes, reported appearance of, 145 Aviation schools, 1989 British Columbia better terms commission 231& British North America Act, proposed amendment of. See Parliamentary representation. Budget, 1058 Proposed war taxation, 1058 Conference with Opposition, 1058 Tariff proposals, 1060 British preference, 1061 Length of debate, 1064 Canadian High Commissionership, 2318 Canadian Manufacturers' Association, cor-; respondence of, 2189, 2461 Canadian Pacific railway ocean services, 749 Canadian patriotic fund, 395 Canadian representative at Washington 2315 Capital punishment, 140 Conservation Commission, 2324 Controverted elections, 1995, 2007, 2014 2020 Copyright, 203 Divorce bills, 1988, 2187 Dominion elections, 2143 Dominion notes, issue of,-1537 Expropriation of lands for military purposes, 1549 External Affairs, department of, 2318 Parquhar, Colonel, death in action of, 1283 Food exports, government control of, 551 Fort Erie shooting case, 333 Borden, Rt. Hon. Sir Robert (Prime Minister) -Con. Franco-Canadian steamship service, 718 Government buildings rented-alleged misconduct of officials, 2050 House of Commons Bowles, Mr. W. C., resignation of, 1526 Business of the Douse, 206, 1187 Committees, select standing, 74 Deputy Speaker and Chairman of Committees, election of, 41 Kepresentation in. See Parliamentary Correction of clerical errors in Act (1914), 1557, 1994 Intercolonial railway branch lines, 1543 Lake of the Woods Technical Board, 1394 Liquor manufacture, suggested suspension of, 2327 Medical Council of Canada, 1251, 2316 Ministerial changes, 207 Monuments, erection of, 1251, 1252 Mounted Police, Royal Northwest, 1249 2322, 2326 National Transcontinental railway, operation of, 2125, 2135 Newspaper attacks, 2190 Nickel, export of, 3 Nova Scotia Military forces, 561, 612, 687, 720, 905, 1432, 1441, 1500 Postal services, 904 Parliament, members of, and government contracts, 2143-2146 Parliamentary representation-proposed amendment of British North America Act, 1460, 2327, 2340, 2342. See Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island, parliamentary representation of, 327, 1460. See Parliamentary representation Public Accounts Committee. See War supplies Railway capitalization, 290 Reindeer, experiments with, 2315 Robertson, Lt.-Col. Struan. See Nova Scotia military forces Senate. See Parliamentary representation Shortt, Mr. Adam, speech of, 679 Soldiers Comforts for, 293 Payment of, 2320 Votes for, 337, 2200, 2213, 2259, 2469, 2477, 2537 Submarines, purchase of, 105, 946, 955 Taxation-liquor duties, 1154 Unemployment, 2320 Valcartier land claims, 1549 Volume i: 1-S44 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628



Borden, Rt. Hon. Sir Robert (Prime Minister) -Con. War Appropriations, 93, 1397 *Canadian expeditionary forces-statement of mobilization and organization, 2364 Canadian troops in France, 204, 909 Engineering corps, 1525 Expenditures, statement of, 1397 Fair wages in war contracts, 38 Nova Scotia military forces. See that title Pensions, 1188, 1394, 1450 Supplies, purchase of Ammunition, 93, 1455 Binoculars, 2605 Boots, 21, 144, 204, 2450 British Government, for, 38, 2461, 2614 Carleton Drug Company, 2605, 2614 Committee of Council, 1246 Generally, 93, 945, 2461, 2538, 2602, 2610, 2614, 2617 Horses, 2098-2102, 2606, 2613 Shells, 38, 2614 Western farmers, relief for, 1330 Boulay, Mr. H. (Rimouski) Agriculture in Quebec, 2076 Anticosti lightship, 309 Budget, 984 French Canadians in Government service, 985 Judges' pensions, 987 Aid to agriculture, 988 Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company, payments to, 1864 French language in Department of Agriculture, 2077 Immigration inspectors and the French language, 233 Intercolonial railway Bridges, 897 Cement posts, 309 Dining car employees, 1485 Passenger service, 1485 Madawaska postal service, 1388 Marine service in Rimouski, 1256, 2304 Matapedia road, 2178 Ore refined in United States, 309 Voters' lists, errors in, 2309 War supplies-horses, 898, 1455 Bo unties on lead and petroleum, 1936 Bo urassa, Mr. J. Boutin (LSvis) Dismissals, 1652 Intercolonial railway Chaudiere employees, 1785 Ldvis station, 831 Bourassa, Mr. J. Boutin (LOvis)- Con. Lauzon dry dock, 1647 LOvis quarantine station, 241, 1290 National Transcontinental railway-Quebec terminals, 518 St. Romuald post office, 518 Telephone disinfectants, 2531 War supplies-horses, 830 Bowman, Mr. James (East Huron) Budget, 930 Rival fiscal policies, 930 Development under protection, 932 Aid to agriculture, 934 Boyer, Mr. Gustave (Vaudreuil) LOvis shell factory, 519 Maple sugar industry, 513, 1794 Rigaud Armoury, 631, 993 Dredging, 390 Wharf, 1786 Scales in cheese and butter factories, inspection of, 513 St. Zotique wharf, 390 War supplies Horses, 388 Saddles, 521 Bradbury, Mr. George H. (Selkirk) Budget, 715, 772 Pre-election promises, 716, 776 Expenditures on public works, 717, 772 British preference and the tariff, 781, 783 Cement merger, 784 Hudson Bay railway, 786 Seed grain distribution, 789 Experimental farms, 2066 Pollution of navigable waters, 3, 118 St. Peter's Indian reserve, 1321, 1882 Bristol, Mr. Edmund (Toronto Centre) Inland navigation freight rates, regulation of, 254 British Columbia Better Terms Commission, 2316 Labour troubles, 497 Militiamen on active service, 151 Steamship services, 1300 British North America Act, proposed amendment of, 1459, 2327 Brooks-MacNally mail service, 994 Brouillard, Mr. Ovide (Drummond and Artha-baska) Gilbert, R., employment of, 1787 Stanfold model farm, 1993 Volume i: 1-944 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628 \


INDEX-1915 v


Buchanan, Mr. William A. (Medicine Hat) Alberta Coal industry, 492 Oil leases, 48 Relief distribution, 242, 2188 Bank loans for seed grain, 1244 Blood Indian reserve, 763, 1323 Brooks-MacNally mail service, 994 Coal imports, 521 Coutts quarantine area, 150 Experimental farms, 2066 Pood exports, government control of, 540 Lethbridge Customs staff, 521 Field battery, 1646 Immigration inspector, 150, 1567 Postmastership, 143, 769, 1364, 1367 Wool storage, 828 Medicine Hat Homestead inspection, 2123 Postmasters, 764 Rural mail service, 768 Mounted Police, Northwest, 1284 Oil and gas leases, 241 Railway charters, extension of, 724, 758 War supplies-horses, 631, 1146 Western farmers, relief for, 58, 947, 1244, 1340. See Bank loans Wrentham post office, 142 Budget debate, 80, 352, 404, 442, 562, 613, 689, 709, 772, 833; amendment (Sir Wilfrid Laurier), 841, 905, 955, 999, 1058; div., 1141. See Taxation Bureau, Mr. Jacques (Three Rivers and St. Maurice) Cap de la Madelaine wharf, 2120 Inland Revenue, Deputy Minister of, pamphlet of, 1724 Maple syrup, adulteration of, 1792, 1800 St. Maurice river slides and booms, timber for, 2184 Soldiers, votes for, 2288, 2491 Taxation-postage stamps and war stamps, 2539 Three Rivers Dredging, 2175 Harbour works, 2155 Public building, 1786 Burnham, Mr. John H. (Peterborough West) Budget, 404 Unemployment, 405 British preference, 408 Eastern peril, 409 German menace, 411 Free trade, 413 Made-in-Canada movement, 414 Burnham, Mr. John H. (Peterborough West) -Con. Budget-Con. Balance of trade, 415 Ethics and industry, 416 Civil service, old men in, 1871 Controverted elections, 2011 Dominion elections-hours of polling, 1907 Grain shortage, compensation for, 1956 Immigration and old age pensions, 1573 Mail carriers, remuneration of, 1374 Naval service, 1660 Peterborough government employees, 1285 Burrell, Hon. Martin (Minister of Agriculture) Agricultural Instruction Act, administration of, 2107 Agriculture, Department of Estimates, 2055 Bulletins, 2083, 2092 Cold storage, 2084 Dairying industry, 2081, 2103 Exhibitions, 20^5, 2109 Experimental farms, 2056, 2058, 2072 Foot and mouth disease, 2088 Horse breeding, 2104 Live stock industry, 2092 Meat, inspection of, 2091 Potato scab, 2078 Public health, 2108 Parliamentary representation, 1994 Seeds, improvement of, 2106 Cadwell Sand and Gravel Company, 1166 Calgary civil servants, 1184 Calmer-Telfordville mail service, 1187 Canada Grain Act Amendment Bill, lr., 1644. 2r., 2030. Com., 2030. 3r., 2191. Sen. amdt., 2532 Canada Temperance Act, referenda under, 1590 Canada Year Book, 1938 Canadian expeditionary forces. See War Canadian Manufacturers' Association and war supplies, 1667, 2189, 2461 Canadian Northern Railway Company, payments to, 150 Canadian Pacific railway Capitalization, control' of, 286, 726 Ocean services, 749 Canadian patriotic fund, 143, 1446, 1864 Canadian Patriotic Fund Act Amendment Bill, lr., 204. 2r„ 393. Com., 393. 3r„ Volume i: 1-944 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628



Canadian Peace Centenary Association, 2315 Canadian Peat Society, 1865 Canadian representative at Washington, Canadian War Contingent Association, 2122 Canadian Wheatlands Company, 2188 Canadians in California, status of, 1189 Canals, 491, 632, 832, 1710, 1712 For individual canals, gee their titles Canning public building, 1979 Canso Fish reduction works, 633, 767 Military guard, 1556 Cape Breton, customs service in, 222, 225, 227, 1650 Capital punishment, abolition of, 42, 127, 264, 1228, 1761 Cardigan-Annandale mail service, 1648 Cardin, Mr. P. J. A. (Richelieu) Richelieu postal service, 1287 Cardin, D., employment of, 1993 Cardinal canal, 832 Carey, J. M., employment of, 993 Cariboo island breakwater, 308 Carleton retaining wall, 390 Carrick, Mr. J. J., M.P., service of, 561 Carroll, Mr. W. F. (Cape Breton South) Aliens, registration of, 1147, 1733. Bank loans for seed grain, 1352, 1358 Benjamin, H., employment of, 241 Budget, 989, 1012 Party truce, 1013 Naval question, 1014 Free trade, 1015 Proposed new taxes, 1016 Manufacturers and prices, 1018 Labour and the tariff, 1021 Liberals and the war, 1021 Aid to Belgium, 1022 Canadian Pacific railway ocean service, 743 Canadian patriotic fund, 393 Cape Breton customs service, 222, 225, 227 Explosives in mines, 1601 Food exports, government control of, 550 Foster, W. G„ employment of, 898 Inland navigation rates, 255, 1687 Intercolonial railway-service of Mr. Gute-lius, 1483 Iron and coal imports, 244 Carroll, Mr. W. F. (Cape Breton South)- Von. Kelly, Edgar, employment of, 241 Livingstone, C. P., appointment of, 150 Miller, J., patent of, 1990 Mines Department, 1600 National employment bureau, 484-490 New Waterford Postal service, 1360 Recruiting, 392 Customs service, 227 Nova Scotia Fire insurance rates in, 1284, 1399 Postal service, 903 Patent medicines, alcohol in, 1717 Railway charters, extension of, 722 Smuggling, alleged, in Cape Breton, 222 Sydney pilotage commissioners, 1265 Sydney-New Waterford mail service, 1361 Sydney-St. Peter's railway, 608 Valcartier camp stores, 308 Vancouver Terminal Company, 1262 Voters' lists, preparation of, 1594 War supplies-horses, 607 Carslake Hotel purchase. See Montreal Carvell, Mr. Frank B. (Carleton, N.B.) Budget, 1066 The party truce, 1066 Revenue and expenditure, 1068 Taxation proposals, 1071 British preference, 1079 Canadian Northern Railway Company, 760 Civil Service appointments, 1144, 1285 Controverted elections, 1924, 2151 Dominion elections Hours of polling, 1906 Voters' lists, 1897 Fraudulent titles to real estate, 1221 French, Field Marshal Sir John, 1444 Horse exports, 1234 Intercolonial railway Fredericton land purchase, 168, 1475 Freight rates and trains, 156, 167 St. John and Quebec railway agreement, 1473 Militia-engineer services and works, 1513 Pollution of navigable waters, 124 Potato embargo, 719 St. John Valley railway, 46, 173, 1473 Soldiers Pay of, 2320 Votes for, 2352 Southampton railway investigation, 142 Taxation Agricultural implements, 1174 Customs valuation, 1154 Fertilizers, 1076, 1166 Tobique Indian reserve, 187, 193 Volume i: 1-944 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628


INDEX-1915


vii Carvell, Mr. Frank B. (Carleton, N.B.)-Con. Valley railway, 142 War supplies Hay, 140, 241 Imported munitions, duty on, 1506 Motor truck tires, 1290 Casgrain, Hon. T. Chase (Postmaster General) Aberdeen Association and the franking privilege, 1370 Montreal postal service, 1378, 2296 Parliament, members of, and government contracts, 2145 Pollution of navigable waters, 125 Post office Contingencies, 1360 Department staff and salaries, 1359, 2295 Dismissals, 1367 Estimates, 1359-1394, 2295-2298 Letters for soldiers, 1419, 1422 Mail bag locks, 47, 1393 Mail carriers, payment of, 2297 Outside service, 1360, 1371 Parcel post, 1371-1375, 1384 Rural mail service, 1379 Stamps, sale and use of, 1391, 1393, 1422, 2297, 2624 Shortt, Mr. Adam, speech of, 661 Cattle. See Agriculture Censorship, 1264, 1448, 1496, 1506, 1618 Charbonneau, R., employment of, 610 Chesley public building, 1646 Chisholm, Mr. Alexander W. (Inverness) Campbell, Daniel, weights and measures official, 511 Cheticamp Live-saving station, 1633, 1636 Marine medical service, 1269 Intercolonial railway branch lines, 1482, 1702 Inverness harbour improvements, 2052 McLeod, Mr., dismissal of, 1606 Navigable waters, removal of obstructions in, 347 Steam trawling, 246, 2306 Chisholm, Mr. William (Antigonish) Antigonish-Sherbrooke mail service, 46 Eastern Extension railway land damages, 1469 Fenian raid bounty, 1546 . Immigration to Nova Scotia, 1558 Intercolonial railway Abutment contracts, 895, 1286 Branch lines, eastern Nova Scotia, 1478, 1482 Chisholm, Mr. William (Antigonish)-Con. Intercolonial railway-Con. Bridges, watchmen on, 763 Coal contracts, 769 Nova Scotia Indians, 1308, 1310, 1312 Inland revenue officials, 507 Postal service, 1380 Oil for fuel, imports of, 143 Taxation-postal rates and stamp taxes, 1413 War supplies-clinic thermometers, 307, 521 Civil Service Appointments, 213, 218, 1144, 1285, 1591 Commission, 992, 1612 Dismissals, 213, 218 Militia service, civil servants in, 312, 522 Reform, 895, 1189 Speech of Mr. Adam Shortt, 213, 232, 471, 634 Clark, Mr. Hugh (North Bruce) Agricultural reports, 2083 Prison reform, 1766 Soldiers, votes for, 2282, 2351 Clark, Mr. Michael (Red Deer) Address in reply to Governor General's Speech, 27 Made-in-Canada campaign, 28 Canada's paramount duty, 30 Spending of monevs. 31 Party literature, 3i Election talk, 32 Claims of the Empire, 32 Budget, 863 Submarines in naval warfare, 864 Financial comparisons, 867 Home markets and the National Policy, Borrowings or economy, 870 War and taxation, 872 Income tax, 872 British preference and made-in-Canada campaign, 873, 876 Effect of the new tariff, 875 Canadian patriotic fund, 404 Dismissals, 1366 Shortt, Mr. Adam, speech of, 640 Soldiers, votes for, 2201, 2217, 2468 Taxation Income, 1197 Postage stamps and war stamps, 1415 See Budget Western farmers, relief for, 67 Wetaskawin settlers, grievances of, 1565 Volume i: 1-944 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628



Clarke, Mr. W. A. (North Wellington) Budget, 1050 Canada and the war, 1051 The Government's tariff policy, 1051 Revenue and protection, 1051 Western conditions, 1052 Coal. See Mines Coast Guard, steamer, 1866 Coasting trade, 296, 1933 Cochrane, Hon. Frank (Minister of Railways and Canals) Canadian Pacific railway ocean services, 746 Canals Soulanges, 1712 Staff, repairs, etc., 1713 Trent, 1712 Welland, 1710, 1713 Government purchase of railways, 1540, 1681 Hudson Bay railway, 1861 Intercolonial railway Branch lines Eastern Nova Scotia, 1467, 1477, 1482, 1701 Chatham, 1492, 1686 Bridges, 1492, 1686 Cape Breton improvements, 1687 Fredericton land purchase, 171 Freight rates and trains, 164 General management, 1489 Halifax terminals, 1688 Highway protection, 1687 Moncton Death claim-Mrs. O'Rourke, 1475 Improvements, 1691 Subway, 1397 Mulgrave car ferry, 1473, 1693 Operation, 1472, 1690 Quebec solicitor, 1708 Rolling stock, 1695 Safety appliances, 1698 St. John and Quebec railway agreement, 1473 National Transcontinental railway Construction, 1859 Government operation, 1802, 1816, 2128 Montreal connection, 1711 Quebec Bridge, 1710 Terminals, 1860 Railways and Canals Department Estimates, 1467-1495, 1685-1713, 1859 Staff and salaries, 1471 St. John Valley railway, 184 Cockshutt, Mr. William F. (Brantford) Food exports, government control of, 526, Naturalization, 610 Soldiers, votes for, 2266 Coderre, Hon. Louis (Secretary of State and Minister of Mines) Canada Temperance Act, referenda under, 1590 Dominion electoral atlas, 2307 Mines Department Electric smelting, 1602, 2313 Estimates, 1599-1612, 2313 Explosives in mines, 1601, 1604 Geological survey, 1607-1611 Investigations and experiments, 1603, 2313 Staff and salaries, 1599 Tar sands for road making, 1604 Printing and stationery, 1591 Scientific literature, international catalogue of, 1590 Secretary of State, Department of Estimates 1588-1598, 2307 Staff, salaries, etc., 1588, 1589 Vincent, Mr. J. U., pamphlet of, 1724 Voters' lists, preparation of, 1594 Colcleugh, F. W. R., employment of, 1648 Cold storage. See Agriculture Cole Harbour wharf, 517 Collingwood Ship Building Company, 519 Conservation Commission, 2314, 2324 Consolidated Fund expenditure, 1290 Contrecoeur public works, 1651 Cookshire post office, 1991 Copp, Mr. A. B. (Westmorland, N. B.) Amherst Camp, 1290, 1395 Military buildings, 1395 Redstone Company, 1864 Budget, 936 Economy or taxation, 938 The party truce, 938 Tariff burdens on farmers, 940 Patriotism-and-production campaign, 941 New Brunswick and war taxes, 943 Intercolonial railway management, 944 Grand Trunk Pacific railway, labour conditions on, 498 Intercolonial railway Branch lines, 1685, 1706 Employees, enlistment of, 245 Management, 1487, 1491 Volume i: 1-944 Volume ii: 945-1783 Volume iii: 1785-2628


INDEX-1915

March 30, 1915