Supply-Hudson Bay Railway
Hansard, because I think the country will want to know exactly what can be grown at points along that line up to mile 185. Results were obtained at mile 185 and mile 137 of the three points cultivated.
At mile 185, where the soil is a medium silt clay loam with a fairly large proportion of fine sand, which could be improved by manuring or ploughing down a green crop, four*varieties of wheat, sown May 23 and harvested August 29 to September 15, gave the following results: Garnet, 40.05 bushels per acre, grade No. 4; Marquis, 35 bushels per acre, grade No. 6 (immature and frozen kernels); Prelude, 32 bushels per acre, grade No. 1; Ruby, 29.6 bushels per acre, grade No. 3.
Banner oats yielded 73.5 bushels per acre; Daubeney, 70.8 bushels; Gold Rain, 66.1 bushels and Alaska, 54.7 bushels. With the exception of Banner, all varieties were fully matured and should make good seed if screened to remove small grains.
With barleys, Alberta yielded 30.8 bushels per acre, and O.A.C. No. 21, 39.7 bushels, the grain being well matured and would make good seed.
That is one place where tests were made. Two varieties of clover and two of grass were sown with excellent results. Peas did exceptionally well, as did potatoes, but the results from turnips and carrots were rather poor.
At mile 137, where the soil is similar to that at mile 185, six varieties of wheat were sown May 22 and harvested between August 28 and September 15. Ruby yielded 53.5 bushels per acre, grading No. 4; Marquis 62.8 bushels, grading No. 6; Garnet 64.3 bushels, grading No. 3; Bishop 64.3 bushels, a white wheat, difficult to grade according to western standards; Prelude, 46.3 bushels, grading No. 1, and Early Triumph, 47.8 bushels, grading lower than No. 6. The Prelude wheat harvested at this point furnished the best sample of all those grown in the whole project. All the other varieties received a low grade on account of excessive starch.
Of the six varieties of oats, Daubeney yielded 79.4 bushels, Alaska, 68.5 bushels, Legacy, 125.2 bushels, Gold Rain, 90.5 bushels, Victory 118.2 bushels, and Banner, 117.0 bushels. As with the wheats, oat yields were phenomenally high, but some varieties were held a little too long before being harvested and some slight shelling had started.
With barley Alberta yielded 28.5 bushels per acre, Chinese 102.2 bushels, O.A.C. No. 21, 106.4 bushels, Duckbill 87.5 bushels,
Early Chevalier 98.9 bushels, and Charlottetown 95.4 bushels.
With grasses, clovers and roots, practically the same results were secured as at mile 185.
At Hudson Bay Junction, no definite results were obtained, as the plot on which
the crops were sown was flooded during excessive June rains.