Agnes Campbell Macphail
I would finish it.
I do not intend to say much on the question of the reservations, but let me say that I do not like them. I think Lord Cecil put that very well when he said:
I feel that the attitude taken nip by the German government in the matter was the right one.
This quotation appears in the Toronto Star of July 25, 1928. The attitude of the German government was that they were willing to sign the original draft, that they made no reservations. However, I am not going to take the reservations too seriously, because they do not appear in the text of the pact or treaty. They are not put in words except in the notes which passed between governments, and, so far as Canada is concerned, I think we should see to it that they do not affect us; that Canada does not stand for reservations; that she means exactly what the text of the pact says. I believe the people who believe in peace all over the world will gain most by reading into the text of the Kellogg pact the full meaning as written, and then holding the governments to the letter and to the spirit of that text.
The greatest danger I see from the Kellogg pact is that the peoples of the world will feel that when sixty-two nations out of sixty-four have signed a peace pact, they can sit back and rest, that there is really nothing more to be done. It would be fatal to do that, because this is but the beginning. It is true that words mean nothing unless actions follow, but they mean much if actions do follow. It is the duty of each of us as Canadians and the people of other countries who, I believe, are as good as we are, to seek the economic causes of war and then shape our national policies, and indeed our private endeavours, so as to remove them. We should as a nation put international concord above everything else and we should shape our policy to that end. We need to develop a peace technique. In the positive field of education something has been done, it is true, but very much re-78594-18
maiins to be done, and in the negative field of undoing what has been the custom of the ages, almost no start has been made.
We might very well listen to the Right Hon. Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of Great Britain, who, addressing the League of Nations Society of Great Britain this year, said that all those who really desire peace should be missionaries for peace. I take it that he is a missionary for peace and that he is exceedingly desirous of the peace of the world. It is well for us at times to be idealists, not to be scoffers and doubters, not to be cynical, but to believe that all the people of the world, regardless of colour, regardless of the country in which they live, are fine people, and if we treat them as though they were, they will treat us in the same spirit. It is well for us sometimes to go to the hilltops, and when we do as individuals and in great moments as nations, we see a fairer world. That fairer world is no dream; it can be made a reality if each of us takes the matter seriously and works towards that end.
Subtopic: MULTILATERAL TREATY FOR THE RENUNCIATION OF WAR