We of the Progressive Conservative party take a stand for minimum interference by the government in business. We believe that the government exists for the purpose of preventing abuse, but that it is not a function of government to engage in competitive business. For these among other reasons we cannot support the subamendment of my hon. friends to the left.
Sometimes people ask me what is the difference between those who believe in Socialism and those who believe in Conservatism. The answer was given in the course of a speech delivered by the Right Hon. Anthony Eden at Blackpool, England, in October, 1946. With-
The Address-Mr. Diefenbaker
out any argument about the sincerity of those who have one belief or the other he pointed out the difference between the philosophy of Socialism and that of Conservatism, in these words:
Socialism says to a man: "You are a unit in
the state. Work hard for the state as the state thinks best and the state will provide you with what it thinks you should have." The Conservative party says: "You are an individual.
Choose your own way of life and seek to develop to the full your own talents. If you do this and if you are prepared to accept the obligations that are essential to life in an ordered community then we regard it as the duty of the government to see that out of the fruits of your labour you can build a life of your own for yourself and your family and at the same time feel the satisfaction of sharing in the common purpose of a free society."
Then he went on to say:
I call for a way of life for the people under which industry may prosper and men be free. Man should be the master of his environment, and not its slave. That is what freedom means. It is precisely in the conception of ownership that man achieves mastery over his environment. Upon the institution of property depends the fulfilment of individual personality and the maintenance of individual liberty.
Subtopic: CONTINUATION OF DEBATE ON ADDRESS IN REPLY