February 18, 1953

BUSINESS OF THE HOUSE

SUSPENSION OF STANDING ORDER 28 FOR SITTING OF THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19


Right Hon. L. S. St. Laurent (Prime Minister): Mr. Speaker, in connection with the announcement made by the Minister of Finance (Mr. Abbott) that he proposed to bring down his budget tomorrow night at eight o'clock, it has been pointed out that for the regularity of the record it would be preferable to have an order that standing order 28 in relation to the Speaker leaving the chair without question put be suspended for tomorrow. If I had the unanimous consent of the house, I should like so to move.


?

Some hon. Members:

Agreed.

Topic:   BUSINESS OF THE HOUSE
Subtopic:   SUSPENSION OF STANDING ORDER 28 FOR SITTING OF THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19
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Mr. SI Laurent moved@

That the provisions of standing order 28 in relation to Mr. Speaker leaving the chair without question put for the house to go into committee of ways and means be suspended for the sitting of Thursday, February 19, 1953.

Topic:   BUSINESS OF THE HOUSE
Subtopic:   SUSPENSION OF STANDING ORDER 28 FOR SITTING OF THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19
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Motion agreed to.


MARKETING OF WESTERN WHEAT, OATS AND BARLEY INCREASE IN INITIAL PRICE OF WHEAT

LIB

Clarence Decatur Howe (Minister of Defence Production; Minister of Trade and Commerce)

Liberal

Right Hon. C. D. Howe (Minister of Trade and Commerce):

Mr. Speaker, I should like to make a brief statement to the house with regard to the marketing of western wheat, oats and barley. As hon. members of the house know, phenomenal grain crops were produced in the prairie provinces last year: a record wheat crop of 664 million bushels, a record barley crop of 281 million bushels and a large oats crop of 346 million bushels. The marketing of grain production of this magnitude has of course presented many difficulties and it was realized early in the crop year that these problems could be met only through aggressive selling on the part of the Canadian wheat board and the provision of maximum transportation for the movement of grain.

I am happy to report that good progress is being made with the receiving and the merchandising of western grains. In spite of elevator congestion, which must be

expected in the face of the size of the 1952 grain crops, producers had delivered a total of 461 million bushels of grain up to February 5, 1953-a quantity of grain not

exceeded during the corresponding period in any of the past ten years. As grain is moved forward from country elevators, producers will continue to add to their deliveries of grain throughout the crop year.

The bumper crops of 1952 have been accompanied by an excellent demand particularly for wheat and barley. Exports of grain are running well ahead of the corresponding period a year ago when new records were established. I have every reason to believe that the record exports of 1951-52 will be exceeded by a substantial margin by exports in 1952-53. The Canadian wheat board has made very large sales so far in the crop year and has large sales on its books for delivery during the balance of the crop year.

Having regard to the present sales position, the government has approved an increase in the initial price of all grades of wheat, excepting durums, from $1.40 per bushel to $1.60 per bushel, basis No. 1 northern in store Fort William, Port Arthur or Vancouver. The increase will become effective on March 2, 1953. This means that an adjustment payment of 20 cents per bushel will be made to producers covering their deliveries of all grades of wheat other than durums to the board between August 1, 1952, and February 28, 1953.

In the case of durum wheat, there has been an exceptionally strong demand during the present crop year and actually the production of durum wheat is not now sufficient to meet the demand for this type of grain. Therefore, the initial prices of all grades of durum wheat will be increased by 25 cents per bushel and an adjustment payment in this amount will be made to all producers delivering durum wheat to the board between August 1, 1952, and February 28, 1953.

This will bring the initial prices of durum grades from their present level of $1.40 per bushel for No. 1 amber durum in store Fort William, Port Arthur or Vancouver to $1.65 per bushel effective on March 2, 1953. There appears to be a growing market for durum varieties of wheat and it is my hope that this increase in the initial payment for this variety of wheat will serve to encourage additional durum production in 1953.

Grain

In regard to coarse grains, we must recognize that 1952 production and estimated marketings of oats and barley during the crop year 1952-53 involve extraordinary quantities. From the 1952 production, it is estimated that producers will have surpluses of about 175 million bushels of each grain. The position in respect to barley is satisfactory in respect to both marketing and sales and accordingly the government is increasing the initial price of all grades of barley by 15 cents per bushel effective March 2, 1953. The new initial price of barley will be $1.11 per bushel basis No. 3 CW 6 row barley in store Fort William or Port Arthur as compared with the present initial price of 96 cents per bushel. This will involve an adjustment payment of 15 cents per bushel on all grades of barley delivered to the board between August 1, 1952, and February

28, 1953.

I now wish to deal with the oats position. Up to the present time only about one-third of possible deliveries of oats for the crop year have been delivered by producers and while sales have been satisfactory, the Canadian wheat board do not feel in a position to make a definite recommendation at this time in regard to an increase in the initial price for oats. You will recall that a similar position was taken a year ago in regard to oats. Accordingly, it is the policy of the government to leave the initial price of oats at its present level for the balance of the crop year.

The adjustment payments which I have mentioned are, of course, subject to the one per cent levy under the Prairie Farm Assistance Act.

The wheat adjustment payment will commence on April 1 and will be followed immediately by the barley adjustment payment. If the present rate of producers' deliveries continues until the end of February, the adjustment payments on wheat and barley will amount to about $80 million.

Topic:   MARKETING OF WESTERN WHEAT, OATS AND BARLEY INCREASE IN INITIAL PRICE OF WHEAT
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PC

John George Diefenbaker

Progressive Conservative

Mr. Diefenbaker:

I should like to ask the

minister a question. Will that 20-cent adjustment payment for wheat be paid out of moneys held to the credit of the farmer, or will it be borrowed as happened in 1949 when a similar payment was made?

Topic:   MARKETING OF WESTERN WHEAT, OATS AND BARLEY INCREASE IN INITIAL PRICE OF WHEAT
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LIB

Clarence Decatur Howe (Minister of Defence Production; Minister of Trade and Commerce)

Liberal

Mr. Howe:

I cannot say as to that. I

presume that the wheat board will have sufficient funds, but if not its credit is good and I am sure it will borrow the money to make the payment which usually is made to farmers at this time.

Topic:   MARKETING OF WESTERN WHEAT, OATS AND BARLEY INCREASE IN INITIAL PRICE OF WHEAT
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INQUIRY AS TO 15-BUSHEL QUOTA THROUGHOUT WESTERN CANADA

CCF

Hazen Robert Argue

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. H. R. Argue (Assiniboia):

I am sure

hon. members from western Canada are pleased with the minister's announcement. The question I should like to ask is this. When does he expect that the 15-bushel quota may be general throughout western Canada, and to what extent does he think that 15-bushel quota may be raised before the end of the crop year?

Topic:   INQUIRY AS TO 15-BUSHEL QUOTA THROUGHOUT WESTERN CANADA
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LIB

Clarence Decatur Howe (Minister of Defence Production; Minister of Trade and Commerce)

Liberal

Right Hon. C. D. Howe (Minister of Trade and Commerce):

I am happy that my hon.

friend asked that question today because I asked the same question of the chairman of the wheat board yesterday. He told me he is hopeful that the 15-bushel quota will be made uniform across the prairies before the end of February.

Topic:   INQUIRY AS TO 15-BUSHEL QUOTA THROUGHOUT WESTERN CANADA
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THE BUDGET

TABLING OF WHITE PAPER

LIB

Douglas Charles Abbott (Minister of Finance and Receiver General)

Liberal

Hon. Douglas Abbott (Minister of Finance):

I desire to table copies in English and in French of the white paper in connection with the budget 1953-54. This procedure of tabling the white paper the day before the budget was adopted last year and has, I believe, proved useful to hon. members. I would suggest, if it meets the approval of the house, and I so move, that it be printed in today's Votes and Proceedings so that hon. members will have an opportunity to study it before I deliver the budget speech tomorrow evening.

Topic:   THE BUDGET
Subtopic:   TABLING OF WHITE PAPER
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LIB
?

Some hon. Members:

Agreed.

Topic:   THE BUDGET
Subtopic:   TABLING OF WHITE PAPER
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CITIZENSHIP

PROVISION IN SUPPLEMENTARY ESTIMATES WITH RESPECT TO EDUCATION OF NEWCOMERS

February 18, 1953