June 7, 1956


Lester Bowles Pearson (Secretary of State for External Affairs)


Mr. Pearson:

That is the way Senator McCarthy talks.


Colin Cameron

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. Cameron (Nanaimo):

I am not coming to McCarthy at all; I am coming to a few other things. The Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons occupies a precarious position of eminence from which at the end of the life of parliament he has to step down. There are a number of positions of dignity and honour, positions in which he can hope to find further opportunities for public service. All those positions are within the power of the government of the day to grant or to withhold.

It has been suggested that Mr. Speaker proceeded to reverse a mistake he had made. I submit, sir, that if that is true with regard to other actions he took on that occasion, the action of listening to the point of order of the hon. member for Winnipeg South Centre, it is distinctly not the case with regard to this motion, because if you will recall he handled the two situations in an entirely different manner. His decision with regard to my motion was not included as a part of

House of Commons

the mistake he sought to rectify by placing a proposition before this house. It is an entirely different action. He took the action of ruling it out of order. Somewhere, at some time, he was persuaded that his action of the night before in accepting and helping to draft my motion had been out of order. Somehow he was persuaded that the motion itself was out of order.

I find it difficult to believe, sir, that among his colleagues on the other side of the house the Speaker of the House of Commons found someone more versed in the procedure of this chamber than himself, in the light of the fact that with the rather doubtful exception of the Minister of Finance no member of the cabinet has risen through all this time to oppose the points of order raised from the opposition. This would lead me and I think anyone else to the conclusion that there is not anyone on the other side of the house now capable of disputing the points of order raised from this side.

I see that the Minister of Finance laughs. If by his laughter he means that he or others are so capable, then I say it was a contemptible thing for the government of the day to allow the Speaker of this house to deal by himself with the points of order that were raised continually from this side of the house, to place him in the impossible position not of being the judge as between two opposing sides but having to take up the arguments presented by one side. I am still of the opinion, sir, that there is not anyone on that side of the house sufficiently versed in procedure to be able to give valid and honest advice to the Speaker of this house to cause him to reverse a considered decision that he had made.

I have been puzzled, as have many other hon. members of this house, by the strange procedural activities of this government during the whole presentation of the pipe-lines bill to the house. I have wondered why they apparently took great thought to select the most difficult ways in which to get this measure through. The first sample, of course, was when quite out of order they placed a second resolution on the order paper while one dealing with the same subject was already there. That was a totally unnecessary proceeding. I recall that at that time the government received advice from my hon. friend the hon. member for Winnipeg North Centre as to how they could emerge from the difficulty they had themselves created.

I suggest to you that we have to look further for a solution to this strange problem, and it is a strange problem, a strange problem of a government so inept that it is unable to get its measures through the House

House of Commons

of Commons within the accepted rules of this house. I would suggest to you that perhaps an explanation can be found in the constitution of the present administration. I think it is no accident that the government that has involved itself in a most fantastic tangle of procedure, that has been driven in the course of that tangle to utterly destroy the most notable Speaker this house has seen for decades. It is not an accident that many of the members of that administration have stepped right into cabinet positions without any experience in parliamentary life.

I would suggest to you that this has been the root cause of the trouble through which we have been going the last few years, and the last few days in particular. When one looks at the front treasury benches he finds that with two exceptions no minister has sat on the floor of this house as a private member, and no minister at all has sat on the floor of this house as a member in opposition. This creates a very grave situation for parliament. I am not attempting to deny that eminent university presidents, distinguished corporation lawyers and higher civil servants are men of great ability. They are possibly of greater ability than other men who could be found within the membership of the Liberal party; but their abilities were not the abilities of parliamentarians because there is only one place in which a man can qualify for this difficult business of parliamentary life, and that is in the ranks of parliament itself.

I would suggest that this growing habit on the part of this administration of bringing in from outside the ranks of parliament cabinet ministers without parliamentary experience is destroying the very roots of parliament. This institution has several functions to perform. It is not merely an institution for the passing of legislation by the existing government, it is the developing ground for competent parliamentary leadership.

When we have a party-and I address this to the rank and file of the Liberal party- which has acquiesced in this practice, it has been acquiescing in the degradation of parliament because these men, eminent as they are, lack one thing. They are men who have not, like the Minister of Finance and like the Minister of National Health and Welfare, been prepared in their earlier years to take the grave risks involved in embarking upon a political career. On the other hand, they have sought their eminence in other fields and later come to crown it with political eminence. That is a most dangerous precedent and practice for parliament to follow, when parliament should be composed of ordinary men and women representing ordinary men and women throughout the nation.

From the ranks of the membership must come those men who have developed their capacities and their abilities to use the procedures and rules of parliament in order to effect their policies. I can understand that the minister of external affairs may perhaps feel badly about my comments, but I want to say to him that the very qualities which made him a valuable servant of the people in the civil service are not qualities that make him valuable in the House of Commons when it comes to dealing with difficult parliamentary situations. He never had to face them during his earlier career.

It will not be until we get back to the original purposes of parliament, to the original proceedings and traditions of parliament, that we shall avoid the sort of tragic mess into which we got last week. I think it is a damning indictment of a government with an overwhelming majority that it should have been unable to devise means of using the regular procedures of this house to effect the passage of their legislation. It is an admission of total ineptitude and failure as leaders of the Canadian parliament that they had to take recourse to breaches of the rules which have led to this unhappy debate during these last two days. It is particularly tragic that a man who had earned not only the respect of this parliament but the respect of the nation should have been made the victim of the ineptitude of this government, and ineptitude it was, as I think every member of it now recognizes in his secret heart.

I would suggest that there is no solution to be found in the mere passing or rejection of the motion before us. As the Minister of Finance has said, when it comes to a vote the matter will be decided on party lines and the vote will mean nothing. A vote will not in any way obliterate the sad fact that a large minority in this house has had its confidence in the impartiality of the Chair destroyed by the ineptitude and folly of the present administration.

I notice that some members of the cabinet are so little seized of the seriousness of the crime they have committed as to smile smugly about this situation. It is nothing to smile about, it is something that has to be cleared up. I am not making any empty suggestion when I suggest to the Prime Minister that he has something to retrieve. I am not alone in my view that he has failed sadly this parliament and this country in these last strenuous and trying days.

I imagine he has read the newspapers. I imagine he realizes that the people of Canada are disappointed that they had hoped he could master the art of using parliamentary procedures, that they hoped he could retain

control of the democratic processes of this country. I suggest to him that, having failed to do so, there is only one course open to him, the course of appealing to the people and allowing them to judge. I say this in no boastful way at all. I am not at all sure that I would come back here after another election; far from it. I think it is quite possible that I might be left at home, but I would rather be left at home than continue in the unhappy situation in which we are today.

Despite the words that have been said on this side of the house in, I think, all sincerity that this situation is not going to be allowed to interfere with the personal friendships that have been developed here, I am afraid that is a too optimistic point of view and that it is going to take a long time for the resentments, the rancours and the dis-illusionments that have been created over the last week or so to finally disappear. The first and essential step for clearing the air is that the twenty-second parliament of Canada should come to an end at the earliest possible moment.


Paul Joseph James Martin (Minister of National Health and Welfare)


Hon. Paul Marlin (Minister of National Health and Welfare):

Mr. Speaker, I am sure that whatever may have happened in the house during the past few days we will all agree that the discussion of this particular motion has been approached by every hon. member almost throughout in a spirit at least of seemingly objective manner. I paid particular attention to the speech delivered tonight by the hon. member for Winnipeg North Centre. I followed with interest the speech just delivered by the hon. member for Nanaimo and the speech of the hon. member for Digby-Annapolis-Kings, but I paid special attention to the speech of the hon. member for Winnipeg North Centre.

He began his remarks by saying that this discussion of the motion before the house caused him to have a heavy heart. I am sure he used a phrase that most hon. gentlemen could, with justification repeat. He reminded us that there was no friendship in this house that he cherished as much as his friendship with Mr. Speaker. He told us that there was never a Speaker in this house whose industry was as great, that there never was a Speaker with knowledge of our procedures and the procedures of free parliaments over the course of the centuries as great, as precise and as mature.

Then he said that he hoped that his friendship with the Speaker would be maintained

House of Comvions

and would continue. Only a man who was lacking in the elements of civility would deny that that was a legitimate hope. I too hope that the friendship which the hon. member for Winnipeg North Centre had with Mr. Speaker will be maintained, for I suppose that no one in the whole time I have been a member of the House of Commons, now almost 21 years, has enjoyed in his relations in this house as great a measure of cordial relationship with the presiding officer as the member for Winnipeg North Centre. On many occasions his enthusiasm with respect to his interest in the rules of the house would cause him, not improperly, after the Speaker's ruling had been made, to go to the Speaker's chair and presumably in a spirit of academic interest, which is understandable, discuss with Mr. Speaker the wisdom or lack of wisdom in a particular decision. The hon. gentleman himself and only he has the control over whether or not the friendship of which he has spoken tonight shall be maintained.

The hon. member went on then and said, and I use his words, that no one will deny that Mr. Speaker has done a good job. Then he raised his voice and said with emotion: "No one ever in my time in this house has done a better job." Then he went on and pointed out that he had corrected the Minister of Finance, that there had only been two appeals from Mr. Speaker's rulings and that on one occasion the party which the hon. member for Winnipeg North Centre supports had, if I understood him correctly, refused to join in voting against the Speaker's ruling. Then my hon. friend concluded, "No wonder I say that Mr. Speaker has had in this house a remarkable performance."

I calculated by the clock the time that my hon. friend spent on Mr. Speaker's admirable qualities. In over two-thirds of the time he spoke the hon. member for Winnipeg North Centre said more things by way of' confirmation of the validity of the performance of the Speaker than any other member, and we can only conclude from what he has said that the hon. member for Winnipeg North Centre, up until a very few days ago, was firmly of the view that within his experience this house has had no better Speaker.

On motion of Mr. Martin the debate was adjourned.


At ten o'clock the house adjourned, without question put, pursuant to standing order.



The following answers, deposited with the Clerk of the house, are printed in the official report of debates pursuant to standing order 39:



Mr. Hamilton (Notre Dame

Progressive Conservative

de Grace):

1. By provinces, how many sufferers from diabetes are there in Canada?

2. How many of these are hospitalized?

3. Is the government currently engaged in any activities designed directly to assist Canadian diabetics?

4. If so, of what nature?

5. Are any further measures to assist Canadian diabetics currently under consideration?

6. If so, of what nature?

Answer by: Hon. Paul Martin (Minister of

National Health and Welfare):

1. There is no accurate gauge of the number of diabetics in Canada. According to preliminary estimates based on Canada's sickness survey, population basis 13,000,000, there are about 40,000 known diabetics; however, medical experience has shown that for every reported case, there are about three unreported cases.

2. There are approximately 8,500 hospital admissions per year in Canada of patients requiring treatment for diabetes.

3. Yes.

4. Federal assistance totalling more than $65,000 has been provided under the national health program to support research and surveys on the detection of diabetes. Research in diabetic problems is being supported at present at the University of Western Ontario and at Queen's University.

The Food and Drugs Act provides that all insulin preparations must meet the standards set forth in the food and drug regulations. In addition, the conditions under which these preparations are manufactured are constantly reviewed by the food and drug inspectors. The regulations also provide for specific labelling requirements to prevent confusion regarding the potency and the use of each preparation.

The advertisement to the general public of any preparation for the prevention or treatment of diabetes is prohibited by the act, thus preventing the exposure of diabetics to useless or harmful preparations.

The food and drug regulations also require informative labelling of special food products sold for persons on sugar-restricted diets.

5 and 6. The Department of National Health and Welfare will continue to give the most careful consideration to any projects designed

to assist Canadian diabetics when submitted by the provinces under the national health program.




Mr. Richardson


Is the Department of National Health and Welfare taking any part in the solution of the urban air pollution problem?

Answer by: Hon. Paul Martin (Minister of

National Health and Welfare):

1. Yes. The Department of National Health and Welfare has assisted the international joint commission for several years in the investigation of the problem of air pollution in the Windsor-Detroit area in accordance with the terms of the reference of January, 1949, between Canada and the United States. A two-year epidemiological study of sickness experience of selected groups of the population in high and low pollution areas of Windsor, and in small country towns of southern Ontario, was carried out from 1953 to 1955. Other aspects of this investigation of the urban air pollution problem have dealt with the nature and concentration of contaminants in the environment, the influence of meteorological factors, the problem of smoke emission from great lakes vessel traffic on the Detroit river and its control, and the effects on vegetation. A final report on the above reference is being prepared this year.

Since January 1, 1956, this department has also undertaken certain responsibilities in this field with the appointment of a consultant, atmospheric pollution services, who is also the chairman of the Canadian section of a technical advisory board to the international joint commission. Requests for advisory services from the provinces and other governmental agencies have been coming forward on an increasing scale. The following is an outline of these activities:

(a) The pollution of the air from oil refinery operations involving the emission of toxic substances such as hydrogen sulphide, mercaptans, phenols, and other odoriferous compounds.

(b) The control of emissions of fluorides, oxides of nitrogen and sulphur dioxide from contemplated operations of a new phosphate fertilizer and nitro-chemical plant.

(c) The analysis and control of diesel exhaust gas fumes from engine-operated equipment in underground and mining operations.

(d) At the request of the Board of Transport Commissioners for Canada a complete revision has been undertaken of regulations and orders dealing with

control of atmospheric pollution from railroad operations of companies subject to the legislative authority of the parliament of Canada.

The epidemiological and occupational health divisions of the Department of National Health and Welfare are collaborating in a study of atmospheric pollution levels and their possible effects on the health of aged hospital patients in the Ottawa area.

The laboratory services of the occupational health division are conducting laboratory research directed towards the study of the biological effects of various toxic gases and


aerosols, including the effects of substances found in contaminated urban atmospheres. The laboratory services have also studied for several years the problem of atmospheric pollution from gold refining operations in the Yellowknife area.

Consideration is being given to the possibility of the establishment of a national network of sampling stations for the measurement of atmospheric contamination levels in urban areas of Canada in co-operation with provincial departments of health, municipal air pollution control officials and certain federal departments.

GATT-Tariff Revisions



The Department of External Affairs announced today details of the tariff agreements which were negotiated under the general agreement on tariffs and trade at the recently concluded conference in Geneva. The head of the Canadian delegation, Mr. L. D. Wilgress, signed on behalf of Canada on May 23 the protocol of supplementary concessions to the GATT in which are incorporated the complete schedules of all the tariff concessions negotiated at the conference. Details of the agreements were tabled in the House of Commons this morning. The tariff conference, which opened in January, 1956, and was recently concluded at Geneva, constitutes the fourth general round of multilateral tariff negotiations under the general agreement on tariffs and trade, following similar GATT conferences held at Geneva in 1947, at Annecy in 1949 and at Torquay in 1951. Twenty-two countries participated in these latest negotiations, and the new agreements concluded among them are an extension of the agreements drawn up among GATT countries in the previous years. As in the past, the negotiations were carried on between pairs or groups of countries, on a selective product by product basis. Canada negotiated new agreements with the United States and with 12 other countries in Europe and Latin America. Under the most favoured nation principle, which is basic to the GATT, all tariff concessions agreed to at Geneva will become available to Canada whether or not these concessions were negotiated directly with Canada. Similarly, Canada will automatically extend its own tariff concessions to each of the other participating countries, and to non-GATT countries with which Canada has most favoured nation agreements. The complete schedules of all tariff concessions negotiated at this conference are being made public today. They are incorporated in a protocol of supplementary concessions to the GATT signed by representatives of participating countries at Geneva. Mr. L. D. Wilgress, Canadian ambassador to NATO, signed this protocol on behalf of Canada on May 23. The new tariff concessions will come into affect in the various countries on dates to be announced by each government. It is not expected that any country will bring its concessions into effect until June 30 at the earliest. United States concessions will be implemented in three stages over the next two years, as required by United States legislation. Under the terms of the GATT, all the concessions agreed upon are bound against increase, subject to certain procedures permitting countries to renegotiate particular concessions from time to time. The following review indicates the main concessions secured by Canada and the main concessions granted by Canada as a result of these negotiations. For further details, inquiries should be addressed to the international trade relations branch of the Department of Trade and Commerce with respect to the tariffs of other countries, and to the international economic relations division of the Department of Finance with respect to the Canadian tariff. Concessions Obtained by Canada The United States The United States concluded agreements at this conference with Canada and all the other participating countries, and granted concessions over a wide range of goods. The agreement concluded between Canada and the United States was one of the major single agreements resulting from this conference. The United States conducted these negotiations under the authority of its trade agreements legislation, which permits maximum reductions in the United States tariff of about 15 per cent of the rates of duty in force on January 1, 1955. Under United States legislation, these reductions must be implemented in three approximately equal steps of about 5 per cent of present rates, with an intervening period of 12 months between each stage. The first 5 per cent stage of United States duty reductions will be made effective on June 30, 1956. Within these limitations, Canada secured the maximum possible reductions in United States duties over a large number of products. Concessions were obtained on almost all the items of interest to Canada on which the United States was prepared to negotiate. The delay in the complete implementation of United States concessions was taken fully into account by both countries in arriving at a satisfactory balance of concessions. The United States schedule of concessions resulting from this conference contains some 650 tariff items, of which approximately 150 are of interest to Canadian exporters, and represent imports into the United States from Canada totalling over $200 million in 1954. These concessions include items of interest to Canadian producers and manufacturers in various regions of Canada. The United States list of concessions includes a variety of chemical products, such as synthetic rubber, vinyl acetate, vanillin, barytes and a number of chemical compounds; a number of metals, including crude aluminum and its alloys, aluminum bars and sheets, steel ingots and billets, ferro-silicon; a few agricultural products, such as lettuce, turnips, hay, blueberries; some paper products, such as book and printing paper, wrapping paper and hanging paper; a number of more highly processed products, such as manufactures of aluminum, of iron and steel, of wood, and of glass, various types of machinery and electrical goods. Details of the main items of interest to Canada, showing the present United States rates of duty and the final United States negotiated rates of duty which will be in force at the end of two years, are given below. A table showing the three stages of reduction for all items of interest to Canada is being published by the Department of Trade and Commerce. Chemicals Concessions were obtained on the following products:-Synthetic rubber, from 10 per cent to 8£ per cent; vinyl acetate, from 7£ per cent and 1£ cent lb. to 6J per cent and 1£ cent lb.; acetic anhydride, from 1J cent lb. to 1£ cent lb.; acetone, from 10 per cent to 8J per cent; vanillin, from 22 i per cent and 3£ cents lb. to 19 per cent and 3 cents lb.; methyl alcohol, from 18 cents gal. to 15-3 cents gal.; barytes ore, crude, from $3 ton to $2.55 ton; aluminum salts and compounds, not specially provided for (nspf), paints, chlorine and all chemical elements, salts and compounds, nspf, from 12 J per cent to 10J per cent. Metals and metal manufactures In this field, reductions were obtained on a number of important items: Aluminum and alloys, in crude form, from 1£ cents lb. to 1J cents lb.; in sheets, bars, and specified shapes, from 3 cents lb. to 2J cents lb.; steel ingot and billet, valued not over 5 cents per pound, from 10 per cent to 8£ per cent; wire and cable of aluminum, copper, and other base metal, from 17J per cent to 15 per cent; forgings of iron or steel, from 12£ per cent to 10£ per cent; storage batteries and parts, except alkaline type, from 20 per cent to 17 per cent; aluminum table and household ware, from 20 per cent and 4| cents lb. to 17 per cent and 3-J cents lb.; electrotype plates, from 12£ per cent to 10£ per cent; electric therapeutic apparatus, from 174 per cent to 15 per cent; electric motors, and electrical goods and devices, n.e.s. from 12J Per cent to 104 per cent; parts for automobiles, from 12£ per cent to 10J per cent; airplanes and parts, from 15 per cent to 124 per cent; pleasure boats, sail, steam or motor GATT-Tariff Revisions propelled, under $15,000 each, from 7J per cent to 6 per cent; pulp and paper machinery, from 10 per cent to 8J per cent; mining machinery, sawmill and wood-working machinery, and all machinery, not specially provided for, from 13 J per cent to UJ per cent; articles of aluminum, and articles of iron or steel, not specially provided for, from 22£ per cent to 19 per cent. The statutory rate on copper, which is presently suspended, is reduced from 2 cents lb. to 1-7 cents lb. Wood manufactures In this group are concessions on: Paint brush handles, and broom and mop handles, from 10 per cent to 8£ per cent; canoes and paddles, from 10 per cent to 8£ per cent, furniture, from 12J per cent to 104 Per cent; parts of furniture, from 20 per cent to 17 per cent; doors, from 16§ per cent to 15 per cent. Agricultural and fisheries products Concessions were secured on the following: Edible offal, from 1£ cents lb. to 1J cents lb., (6 per cent minimum); pickled or salted salmon, from 10 per cent to 84 per cent; caviar and other fish roe (except sturgeon), from 5 cents lb. to 4 cents lb.; canned herring, not in oil, from 6J per cent to 5 per cent; biscuits and baked articles, from 10 per cent to 84 per cent; frozen blueberries, from 8f per cent to 74 per cent; berry jams and jellies, from 10 per cent to 84 per cent; soy beans, certified seed, from 2 cents lb. to 1-7 cents lb.; sweet clover seed and bromegrass seed, from 1 cent lb. to 8/10 cent lb.; turnips from 6J cents 100 lbs. to 5 cents 100 lb.; lettuce, from 1 cent lb. to 0-85 cent lb.; cauliflower, from 12£ per cent to 11 per cent; hay, from $1.25 ton to $1.06 ton. Papers New concessions under this heading are: Uncoated book and printing paper, nspf, from 5 per cent and 1/5 cent lb. to 4 per cent and 0-17 cent lb.; surface coated paper, nspf, from 7£ per cent and 21 cents lb. to 6J per cent and 1J cent lb.; greaseproof and imitation parchment paper, from 74 per cent and 1£ cents lb. to 6J per cent and 1J cents lb.; hanging paper, from 5 per cent to 4 per cent; wrapping paper, sulphate, from 10 per cent to 8J per cent. Miscellaneous Among the concessions under this heading are the following: Asbestos brake and clutch lining, from 10 per cent to 84 per cent; abrasive coated paper and cloth, from 10 per cent to 8J per cent; glove and garment leather, from 10 per cent to 84 per cent; manufactures of leather, nspf, from 124 per cent to 10J

GATT-Tariff Revisions per cent; boots and shoes, made by welt process, from 40 cents pr. to 34 cents pr.; laminated sheets of synthetic resin, from 12J per cent and 7i cents lb. to 10J per cent and 6£ cents lb.; piano parts, from 20 per cent to 17 per cent; and mud dispersant derived from coniferous bark, from 10 per cent to 8| per cent. Europe Canada concluded new agreements with the following European countries: Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Norway and Sweden. Extensive tariff concessions had already been obtained from these countries in previous negotiations under the GATT. However, as a result of the latest negotiations, many further concessions of interest to Canadian exporters have been granted by these countries. While direct negotiations between Canada and European countries were not extensive, Canada will also benefit from concessions which these countries granted to the other European countries participating at this conference including the United Kingdom, and to the United States. Moreover, Canada did not negotiate with Finland, France and Turkey, but some of the concessions which these countries negotiated with others are also of interest to Canada. In a few cases, the concessions made in European tariffs are reductions in statutory rates of duty which have been temporarily reduced by administrative action. Such concessions ensure that the lower rates resulting from the negotiations will be the maximum applicable rates. It should also be noted that many of the concessions of interest to Canada are on products or in countries where discriminatory restrictions have been removed. A summary of the more significant European concessions is given below. Austria Austria was authorized by the contracting parties to the GATT to conduct its negotiations on the basis of a new draft tariff which is awaiting approval by the Austrian government. While rates of duty previously bound under the GATT continue in force under this new tariff, increased duties are scheduled on many items which are not bound. The negotiations thus offered an opportunity for obtaining reductions from this higher level. Canada obtained a reduction on whisky, from the draft tariff rate of 3,500 schillings per 100 kilos to a rate of 2,450 schillings per 100 kilos. This reduction brings the bound rate on Canadian whisky to the level of the rate on bourbon whisky which the United States had negotiated with Austria in the course of GATT tariff renegotiations in 1955. Other Austrian concessions of interest to Canada include a reduction in the duty on sheer nylon dress and lingerie fabrics from 35 per cent with a minimum of 14,000 schillings per 100 kilos to 32 per cent with a minimum of 11,000 schillings per 100 kilos; and a reduction on bookkeeping and calculating machines from 1,400 to 1,000 schillings per 100 kilos. The duty-free entry of tallow for technical purposes was bound. Benelux The common customs tariff of Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg is not high and many leading Canadian exports to these countries are bound under the GATT either duty free or at low levels of duty. Nevertheless the negotiations provided a useful opportunity for obtaining concessions which are of interest to Canada. The three Benelux countries offer a substantially open market for Canadian goods, free from exchange and import restrictions. The following are among the more important concessions, from the Canadian point of view. While lumber is admitted into the Benelux countries duty free on a temporary basis, the existing legal duty on larger sizes of coniferous lumber was reduced from 10 per cent to 3 per cent, which is also the rate of duty for standard sizes. The duty on a narrow range of odd sizes of coniferous lumber was reduced from 10 per cent to 5 per cent. The legal rate of duty on canned salmon was reduced from 20 per cent to 15 per cent; the existing duty on wood alcohol for the production of formaldehyde was reduced from 18 per cent to 12 per cent, on spark plugs from 12 per cent to 10 per cent and on parts of calculating and bookkeeping machines from 8 per cent to 6 per cent. Reductions were also granted in the duty on frozen tongues of bovine animals and pork, kraft paper, pressure cooking stoves of copper, loud speakers and microphones for telegraphy and telephony, and on organs. The existing duties were bound against an increase on crude rapeseed oil, on salted and pickled horse meat, and on some grades of paper and paperboard. Denmark Concessions on most of Canadian principal exports to Denmark had been obtained at earlier GATT conferences. Duty-free entry is bound on many of these items, while the duties on some others are bound at low levels. At the present conference, the duty-free entry of flax seed was bound and the duty on spark plugs was reduced from 0-10 krone to 0-05 krone per kilo. Canadian exports of these

products to Denmark increased considerably following removal of import restrictions last year. Among other concessions of interest to Canada, the duty on canned peaches was reduced from 0 [DOT] 65 krone to 0 [DOT] 55 krone per kilo, and the existing duties were bound on planks and boards of Douglas fir and on radio navigation apparatus. Finland Canada did not negotiate directly with Finland. However, in its agreements with other countries, Finland granted some concessions which are of interest to Canada, including the elimination of the existing duty of 9 marks per kilo on mineral and vegetable blacks, a reduction in the duty on thin aluminum foil from 150 marks to 75 marks per kilo, and the binding of duty-free entry on rubber substitutes and on certain machines for the pulp and paper industry. France At the previous GATT conferences concessions had been negotiated by France on about two-thirds of the items in the French customs tariff. Among the products on which new concessions have been granted are the following: aluminum hydroxide bound against increase at 15 per cent ad valorem; lecithin, reduced from 20 per cent to 18 per cent; patent leather, reduced from 17 per cent to 15 per cent; and certain types of sewing machines, reduced from 12 per cent to 11 per cent ad valorem. Germany Germany granted concessions on a wide range of products. The concessions of primary interest to Canada include reductions in the duty on whisky, from 375 marks to 325 marks and from 575 marks to 525 marks per 100 kilos respectively depending on the size of the containers; a binding on canned salmon at 20 per cent and a reduction on canned lobster from 30 per cent to 20 per cent; an elimination of the 8 per cent duty on unbleached sulphate pulp and a reduction on bleached sulphate pulp from 10 per cent to 5 per cent; a reduction on ferro-silicon of high silicon content from 12 per cent to 11 per cent; a reduction on radio control and radio navigational aid equipment from 15 per cent to 12 per cent; and a reduction on polyvinyl chloride resins from 25 per cent to 21 per cent in three annual stages. Duty reductions were also granted in the duties on fresh and frozen eels, kraft paper and paperboard and domestic electric washing machines. Statutory duties were reduced to the level of temporary reduced rates on small outboard motors, tires and tubes for GATT-Tariff Revisions motor vehicles, unwrought magnesium, calculating machines, typewriters and cash registers, and on metal-working machine tools. The existing duty on polystyrene was bound. Italy The negotiations resulted in concessions by Italy covering approximately 20 per cent of Canadian exports to that country in 1955. A number of the products on which concessions were obtained have been freed from restrictions. Italy eliminated the statutory duty of 8 per cent on salted cod, which has been admitted duty free on a temporary basis. Similarly, the duty free entry of chemical wood pulp was bound, from a previous statutory rate of 6 per cent. The 10 per cent duty on flax seed and the 3 per cent duty on crude cobalt were eliminated. Reductions were granted on planks and boards of Douglas fir from 10 per cent to 6 per cent, on outboard motors from 35 per cent to 27 per cent and 25 per cent respectively depending on their cylinder volume, and on forklift trucks from 35 per cent to 32 per cent. Reductions to the level of the temporary duties were obtained on prepared moulding and drawing powders of polystyrene and of similar plastics; on spades, shovels, hoes and similar tools; on calculating machines, automatic electric toasters and on burners operated by gas. The statutory duty on canned salmon was reduced from 25 per cent to 14 per cent. In addition, reductions were granted on certain iron and steel items imported from countries not belonging to the European coal and steel community, including Canada, within an annual quota. Norway The duty-free entry granted by Norway on many important Canadian products was bound at earlier GATT negotiations. At this conference, Canada obtained new concessions on a number of products. Reductions in duty were obtained on nylon fishing nets, from 25 per cent ad valorem with a minimum of 10 kroner per kilo, to one-fifth of this level, 5 per cent with a minimum of 2 kroner per kilo; and on synthetic rubber, from 30 per cent to a maximum statutory rate of 10 per cent. Reductions were also obtained in the duty on canned salmon, from 0-30 krone to 0-25 krone per kilogram, on cotton duck, unworked cellophane, canned peaches, and on certain machines for the paper-making industry. The duty-free entry of pneumatic spade hammers and rammers was bound, and the existing duties were bound against increase on red 4838 HOUSE OF GATT-Tariff Revisions clover seed, patent leather, certain grades of upper leather and on fork-lift trucks. Sweden Sweden granted concessions on various items of interest to Canada, many of which have been freed from import restrictions. Duty-free entry was bound on natural aluminum oxide, which alone accounted for 15 per cent of all Canadian exports to Sweden in 1955. The duty on raw beaver skins was reduced from 15 per cent ad valorem plus 350 kronor per 100 kilos to 5 per cent ad valorem. The duty of 150 kronor per 100 kilos on raw muskrat, racoon and skunk skins was eliminated. Reductions were also made in the duties on phtalic acid and anhydride; developed motion picture film; dressed fur skins of beaver, chinchilla, mink and fox; motor vehicle tires; machine felt containing up to 20 per cent of continuous synthetic fibres; screw taps and dies; darning, sewing, and knitting machine needles; certain gasoline engines; radio receiving sets and factory trucks. Duty-free entry was bound also on planks and boards of Douglas fir and on nickel anodes. The existing 10 per cent duty was bound on certain machines for the papermaking industry and for mining. On whisky, the former bound rate of 200 kronor per 100 litres was reduced to the existing level of duty at 135 kronor per 100 litres. Turkey Commodities of interest to Canada on which the rates of duty will be reduced by Turkey include calculating machines and cash registers, from 15 per cent to 5 per cent; typewriters, from 10 per cent to 5 per cent; refrigerators and refrigerating equipment.; and office furniture of metal. Latin America Canada concluded new agreements at this conference with Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Successful negotiations had taken place with these countries at previous GATT conferences, and the new agreements are necessarily somewhat limited. It should be noted that these three Caribbean countries provide open dollar markets, without import or exchange restrictions affecting Canadian goods. Canada will also benefit from concessions granted by Chile and Peru in their negotiations with other countries. Cuba A number of useful concessions were obtained by Canada as a result of these negotiations. Duties on five commodities of interest to Canada will be reduced to the same level as the duties applicable to the United States under the preferential tariff treatment

which Cuba grants to the United States of America exclusively. These reductions are on copper tubing or pipe, from 5-11 to 3-90 pesos per 100 kilogs; aluminum sheets, not corrugated, undulated or grooved, from 4-00 to 3 -25 pesos per 100 kilogs; phosphorus, from 5 to 3-5 centavos per kilog; linseed oil, from 50 to 40 centavos per 100 kilogs; and sewing machines, from 5 to 4 per cent ad valorem. Some of these reduced rates were previously in effect but were not bound under GATT. In addition to the above concessions, the most-favoured-nation rates on refrigerators and electric ventilators will be lowered correspondingly with reductions made in the preferential rates to the United States on these products. Dominican Republic A wide variety of commodities have been included among the consessions granted by the Dominican Republic. Among these the following are of interest to Canadian exporters: Aluminum ingots reduced from 10 to 8 pesos per 100 kilogs; typewriters, calculating machines and cash registers, from 20 to 18 per cent ad valorem; mimeographs, dictating machines, and addressographs, from 20 to 18 per cent ad valorem; electricity and water meters, bound duty-free; passenger car and bicycle tires, reduced from 25 to 22 per cent ad valorem; synthetic resin and other plastics in original solid state, from 15 to 13-5 centavos per kilog; plastic toys, bound against increase at 1-20 pesos per kilog. Haiti Canada will benefit from several new concessions supplementing those previously negotiated with Haiti at Annecy and Torquay. The duty on dried fish and shellfish other than codfish has been bound against increase at 0-33 gourde per kilog or, if higher, 20 per cent ad valorem. Other concessions of interest to Canada include: electric refrigerators and air conditioners reduced from 10 to 5 per cent ad valorem; typewriters, dictaphones and mimeographs, from 20 to 15 per cent ad valorem; cash registers and calculating machines from 20 to 15 per cent ad valorem; oat cereals reduced from 0-25 to 0-15 gourde per kilog or, if higher, from 20 to 15 per cent ad valorem; canned soups from 0-35 to 0-25 gourde per kilog or, if higher, from 20 to 15 per cent ad valorem. Peru A few concessions granted by Peru are of interest to Canada among which are the following: rubber water hose over 8 cms. in diameter bound against increase at 0 10 sol per kilog; water wheels and turbines, bound at 0-03 sol per kilog. There is also a customs surtax in the Peruvian tariff applicable to all items which, in the case of the above products, is also bound against increase at 12J per cent ad valorem. Chile Negotiations concluded by Chile with other countries resulted in a number of concessions of which the following are of interest to Canada: leaf tobacco reduced from 6 to 4 gold pesos per kilog; cash registers and automatic vending apparatus reduced from 2-80 to 2-40 gold pesos per kilog; sodium phosphate bound against increase at 0-35 gold pesos per kilog; ferro-nickel and ferro-chrome alloys in bars, bound against increase at 0-15 gold pesos per kilog. Japan Canada did not negotiate with Japan at this conference, since negotiations between the two countries had taken place in 1955 at the time of Japanese accession to the GATT. However, Japan concluded new agreements with other countries and granted concessions on a number of items of interest to Canadian exporters. Reductions in Japanese rates of duty of interest to Canada will apply to the following commodities; vegetable soups and juices, from 20 per cent to 17 per cent; synthetic resins of vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate series, from 30 per cent and 22! per cent to 20 per cent; antibiotics and preparations thereof, from 17! per cent to 17 per cent; containers of paper and cardboard excluding bags, from 15 per cent to 13 per cent; peaches and pears canned or bottled, from 30 per cent to 27 per cent; varnishes, from 22! per cent to 20 per cent; insulated cable and wire for electricity, from 20 per cent to 18 per cent. Items on which the rate of duty will be bound against increase include: whisky; polyethylene; polystyrene; pressure gauges; internal combustion engines; paper and pulp mill machinery; cream separators; electric refrigerators. United, Kingdom: Modifications in Preferences Canada did not negotiate with the United Kingdom. However, a number of tariff preferences accorded by each country to the other will be modified to some extent as a result of agreements which Canada and the United Kingdom concluded with other countries. The changes are not significant in total and, in general, the cuts are not very deep. Some margins of preference will be narrowed and there are also instances of reductions in the preferential rates of duty. Changes in preferences in the Canadian tariff are indicated in a separate section. GATT-Tariff Revisions Modifications in the United Kingdom tariff of interest to Canada include the following: Printing paper, a reduction in the MFN rate of duty from 20 per cent to 16§ per cent, with imports from the commonwealth remaining duty free. Kraft paper and most machine-glazed papers, a reduction in the MFN rate from 16| per cent to 14 per cent, with imports from the commonwealth remaining duty free. On a range of miscellaneous machinery and parts, a reduction in the MFN rate from 20 per cent to 17! Per cent, with imports from the commonwealth remaining duty free. Motor vehicles and various classes of accessories and component parts, a reduction in the MFN rate from 33 J per cent to 30 per cent, and a reduction in the preferential rate accorded commonwealth products from 22% per cent to 20 per cent. Artificial silk yarn, a reduction in the MFN rate from 9d. plus 22J per cent ad valorem to 9d. plus 20 per cent, with imports from the commonwealth accorded, as formerly, a preferential rate of five-sixths of the MFN rate. Papermakers' felts containing artificial silk, a reduction in the MFN rate from 25 per cent to 15 per cent, and a reduction in the preferential rate accorded commonwealth products from 20% per cent to 12J per cent. Artificial silk dresses, a reduction in the duty applicable to all countries from 30 per cent to 27! per cent, the alternative specific rate of 6s.9d.lb. (chargeable when higher than the ad valorem rate) to be replaced by a rate of 9s.lb. Tariff Concessions Granted by Canada The tariff concessions made by Canada at the 1956 Geneva tariff conference cover 180 items or sub-items in the Canadian customs tariff. Of these, 115 are reductions in the present MFN tariff and 55 are bindings of the existing rates of duty, of which many had been lowered unilaterally by Canada since the last tariff conference. For five items Canada undertook not to raise duties above certain specified rates higher than those actually in effect, but which in all five cases are lower than the rates previously agreed to under the GATT. The remaining five items are reductions in the British preferential tariff, concurrent with reductions in the MFN tariff. Canada's concessions are shown in schedule V to the protocol of supplementary concessions. This schedule consists of part I covering the MFN tariff, and part II covering the preferential tariff. These concessions will not come into effect immediately, but will be implemented at appropriate times having regard to the implementation by other countries of their concessions to Canada. The 4840 HOUSE OF GATT-Tariff Revisions Canadian concessions to each country will be brought into effect in one step. Canada's total imports during the calendar year 1955 from all countries under the 115 items or sub-items on which the MFN tariff was reduced at Geneva amounted to $91,000,000. Canada's total imports during 1955 from all countries under the 60 items which were bound but not reduced amounted to $88,000,000. Part II of schedule V contains five items, which provide for reductions in preferential rates of duty on certain goods on which the most favoured nation rate is also being reduced. During 1955 Canadian imports from British commonwealth countries of goods covered by these preferential reductions in part II were valued at $450,000. The reductions in the most favoured nation tariff cover a wide range of products such as:-textile machinery, orange juice, lettuce, newsprint, shelled oysters, shrimps, beer, spectacle frames, cigars, sawmill machinery, adding machines, cash registers, road building machines, electrical precision apparatus (such as is used in oil refineries and chemical works), cameras, and tobacco pipes. Details regarding these and other important most favoured nation tariff reductions are given below. The most favoured nation rates on certain types of machinery were reduced, but all were of a class or kind not made in Canada, namely, textile machinery, Item 413, from 5 per cent to free; leather working machinery, item 420, from 7) per cent to 5 per cent; certain road building machinery and earth moving machinery, item 422a, from 10 per cent to 7) per cent; specialized types of electrical precision apparatus, meters, gauges, etc., items ex. 445k and 445n, from 22) per cent and 15 per cent respectively, to 7) per cent. The most favoured nation rate on newsprint, item ex. 197, was reduced from 22) per cent to free; ponderosa pine lumber and California sugarpine lumber, item ex. 505, from 10 per cent to 5 per cent; white oak lumber, item ex. 505, and Douglas fir lumber, Item ex. 505, from 10 per cent to 7) per cent. The most favoured nation rate on orange iuice, item 152(b) was reduced from 10 per ;ent to 7) per cent; edible offal of beef and veal, item 7(b), from 1) cents per pound but not less than 7) per cent to 1 \ cents per pound but not less than 6 per cent; hay, item 69b, from $1.25 per ton to $1.06 per ton; white clover seed (both ladino and white Dutch), item ex. 71b, from 2 cents per pound to 1 cent per pound; bent grass seed, item

72e, from 15 per cent to 7) per cent; the seasonal duty on lettuce was reduced from 1 cent per pound to 85 cents per pound; tomato paste, item 89 ex. (c), from 2 cents per pound to 1) cents per pound; eviscerated turkeys item ex. 9, from 12) per cent to 12) per cent but not less than 5 cents per pound and not more than 10 cents per pound; cigar tobacco unstemmed, item 142(b) ex. (i), from 15 cents per pound to 12) cents per pound, and cigar tobacco stemmed, item 142(b) ex. (ii), from 22) cents per pound to 20 cents per pound. The most favoured nation rate on cobalt metal, item ex. 208t and ex. 711, was reduced from 20 per cent to 10 per cent; on copper beryllium alloys, dutiable under various items, were reduced to 7) per cent; manufacturers of lead, item 339, from 27) per cent to 25 per cent; coin locks of bronze, item 352c, from 35 per cent to 30 per cent; retarder for plaster, classified under item ex. 220a and item ex. 711, from 20 per cent to 10 per cent; rough building stone, item 305, from 12) per cent to 10 per cent. The most favoured nation rate of fire engines, item 424, was reduced from 22) per cent to 20 per cent; fish hooks for non-commercial fishing, item ex. 440j, from 15 per cent to 10 per cent; open pleasure boats, item ex. 440a, from 25 per cent to 20 per cent; guns and rifles of a class or kind not made in Canada, item 441e, from 10 per cent to 7) per cent; cameras of a class or kind not made in Canada, item 462(ii) (a), from 17) per cent to 15 per cent; slide projectors, item 463, from 20 per cent to 15 per cent; spectacle frames, item 328, from 17) per cent to 15 per cent; cigars valued at more than $6 per pound, item ex. 143, from $1.75 per pound plus 15 per cent to $1.50 per pound plus 10 per cent; beer in casks, item 146, from 35 cents per gallon to 15 cents per gallon and beer in bottles, item 147, from 50 cents per gallon to 15 cents per gallon. The most favoured nation rate on oysters, prepared or preserved, item 123 ex. (c) was reduced from 22) per cent to 15 per cent; oysters shelled and frozen, item ex. 133, from 17) per cent to free; shelled oysters in bulk and in cans, items 124, 125, 126 and 127, from various rates to free. Shrimps, presently dutiable at various rates, reduced to 10 per cent. The most favoured nation rate on cash registers, item ex. 519(a)(2) was reduced from 25 per cent to 22) per cent; cash register parts, item 519b, from 15 per cent to 12) per cent; adding machines, item 414d, from 17J per cent to 15 per cent; adding machine parts, item 414e, from 15 per cent to 12J per cent. Since GATT negotiations relate only to the most favoured nation tariff, there was no occasion to negotiate rates of duty under the British preferential tariff. Of course some margins of preference in the Canadian tariff GATT-Tariff Revisions as well as in the tariffs of other commonwealth countries were reduced in the course of negotiations with non-commonwealth countries. Of the items in which Canada reduced margins of preference those which covered the largest volume of trade were orange juice, electrical precision apparatus and textile machinery. The great bulk of Canadian imports of these products in 1955 were from non-commonwealth sources.

Friday, June 8, 1956 THE LATE J. L. MacDOUGALL


Louis Stephen St-Laurent (Prime Minister; President of the Privy Council)


Right Hon. L. S. St. Laurent (Prime Minister):

Mr. Speaker, yesterday afternoon, shortly after we had commenced our proceedings, hon. members were deeply shocked to learn of the sudden death in this building of the hon. member for Vancouver-Burrard, Mr. John Lome MacDougall. To indicate the respect in which we held our friend, it was unanimously agreed that the house should immediately adjourn for the remainder of the day.

Mr. MacDougall was born at Tiverton, Ontario, 57 years ago. He began his first service to Canada when he enlisted as a soldier in the first world war at the early age of 16. In taking this course, he followed the example of his four elder brothers and, like them, he returned to our shores at the end of hostilities bearing the scars of wounds inflicted during active combat.

Going to Saskatchewan after his war service, he plunged into an academic career, finished his matriculation and completed his arts degree, and then came to Toronto to study and graduate in dentistry. Unfortunately his health was so undermined by his war experiences that he was forced after three years to abandon the practice of his chosen profession.

Having moved to Vancouver, it was there in 1935 that he first stood for election to the House of Commons. Although unsuccessful in that attempt, he was elected for the constituency of Vancouver-Burrard in 1949 and was re-elected with a substantial majority in the last general election.

Mr. MacDougall was certainly among the best liked members of the House of Commons. His was one of those warm personalities that generate a friendly atmosphere wherever they may be. And yet, along with that cheerfulness, he had a very serious approach to the problems upon which we are called to express our views from day to day. He gave very careful study to the legislation before the house and stoutly defended the principles in which he believed. It was a mark of his fine character that he bore no ill feelings whatsoever against those who disagreed with him nor, I am sure, did 67509-304i

any of his fellow members ever harbour any such feelings against him.

Despite his poor health, Jack MacDougall was a frequent contributor both to the debates of this house and to the work of the committees of which he was a member. He last spoke in debate on May 15, less than three weeks ago. He had been in constant attendance since then. The Hansard for June 5 records that he participated in the various votes which took place in the early hours of yesterday morning, including the last one at about three o'clock in the morning. He died just as he was on his way to take his seat in this chamber for yesterday's sitting. His faith in Canada and his devotion to the Canadian people and Canadian interests were demonstrated up to his last breath. He will long be remembered by all of us with affection and with high regard.

Mr. Speaker, I am confident that I speak for every member of this house when I express our very deep sympathy to Mrs. MacDougall in her tragic loss.

Subtopic:   APPENDIX

George Alexander Drew (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Progressive Conservative

Hon. George A. Drew (Leader of the Opposition):

Mr. Speaker, in joining with the Prime Minister (Mr. St. Laurent) in expressing our sympathy in the very sudden and sad loss of one who was a friend of every member of this house, I wish to concur in what has been said and also to express the feeling that those of us who did not belong to his party always had for him.

Jack MacDougall loved people. He gave friendship generously and he received it. Yesterday, on going through the building after the news had come of his very sudden death, it was noticeable that the members of the staff were all quiet and sad. Without exception they spoke of his friendliness and his interest in what they were doing.

All of us will recall the manner in which he mingled with the members of every party and, in doing so, expressed his genuine affection for those who shared with him responsibilities in this house. The House of Commons was a great part of his life. It was evident that for him what took place here was a very personal thing.

I think perhaps it was only symbolic that the end should have come as he was about to give another day's service here in this house. He had given great service to his country. He served well in the first world

The late J. L. MacDougall war as a very young man. The three occasions on which he was severely wounded undoubtedly contributed to the ill health from which he suffered but about which he never at any time complained. His courage was equally great in the years of peace that followed. There was never a suggestion from Jack MacDougall himself of the uncertainty that he knew existed about the length of this life or about the disabilities from which he constantly suffered. We all remember his genial conduct on all occasions. As the Prime Minister has said, he carried no rancour. He held strong convictions. He expressed them. He held independent views as well as views that conformed with the party to which he adhered with great loyalty and sincerity.

I can safely say that there is as great a feeling of sadness on this side of the house as on the government side. Nevertheless, we do recognize the very special sense of loss to those who have been associated with him for many years. To the Prime Minister, to the members of the government and to all of his colleagues we extend our deepest sympathy. Above all our sympathy goes to his wife. I do not think any of us will forget the tragic circumstances under which she learned of his unexpected passing. She was in the gallery, as she had been so constantly during this session. She was taking her share in what had been a great partnership over the years that he had served the public so well. I think we can only express the hope at this time that for Mrs. MacDougall there may be some very real comfort in the knowledge that all of us here are thinking of her in her sorrow at this time.

Subtopic:   APPENDIX

June 7, 1956