Mr. H. C. McKILLOP (West Elgin):
Mr. Speaker, in the first place I wish to congratulate the last speaker on the very entertaining and humorous address with which he has entertained the House.
I realize that the hour is getting late and for that reason I shall curtail my remarks; I promise not to detain the House for any length of time. There are, however, one or two problems to which I wish to draw the attention of the government and more especially of the Finance minister (Mr. Robb). The budget as brought down has dealt with only one industry in Canada. But there are a great many other industries that are hoping against hope that the government will provide a little more protection for their needs. I am afraid they are going to be disappointed, nevertheless I hope that before the budget is finally disposed of the Minister of Finance will give due consider-3 a m. ation to the industries whose
situation I am going to bring to his attention, and will see that they are given a little more protection.
There is a class of citizen of our countrywho want and need protection very badly.I refer to the truck farmer or the market
gardener, of whom there are a great many throughout Canada. Now these farmers, owing to our geographical situation, are labouring
under a heavy handicap, as the southern states produce each year so much earlier and flood our markets with their produce for which they obtain the highest prices; then when our farmers' produce is ready for market they frequently find the market filled up, or at least filled to such an extent that they have to take a very low price for what they have to sell and in a good many instances take a good part of their load back home with them. This, Mr. Speaker, is not as it should be. These farmers are up early and work late to produce these goods and it is certainly not very encouraging to see the cream of this business going to the producers in the south.
For instance last year the following fruits and vegetables were imported:
Apples Quantity .. 150,840 bbls. $ Value 800,059Blackberries') Gooseberries}*.. .. .. 38,360 lbs. 6,227Raspberries J Peaches .. 14,898^566 lbs. 643,001Pears .. 20,905,150 lbs. 926,398Plums .. 190,756 bus. 495,035Strawberries .. 3,168.975 lbs. 607,345Cabbage 221,134Onions 423,546Potatoes .. 26,129,680 lbs. 481,933Tomatoes .. 329,781 lbs. 1,110,587Making a total of .. $5,715,265 This amount. Mr. Speaker, has gone to enrich the coffers of some other nation, and I
am satisfied that if more protection were put on the various articles I have mentioned it would not be long before all the fruit and vegetables needed would be produced in this country and the money kept circulating at home, to the benefit of both producers and consumers alike.
For the last four years I have at every session raised my voice in protest against the low duty on beans coming into this country to the detriment of our own bean producers. For the benefit of those members who. came for the first time to this House after the last election, I would just say that the duty on -beans coming into this country is now and has been for a good many years just twenty-five cents per bushel, while on beans going into the United States the duty is SI.05 per bushel. In other words, if a bean dealer in the United States wants to send a bushel of beans, or for that matter a carload, into this country he has to pay 25 cents per bushel duty, while on the other hand if a dealer of this country wants to send beans into the republic to the south of us, he has to pay $1.05 per bushel. Now just to show how this is worked out to the detriment of the bean producer of this country, I want to
The Budget-Mr. McKillop
go back to the years from 1891 to 1901. For that period of ten years the average annual amount of beans produced in this country was
875.000 bushels, but in the year 1901 there were imported into this country 11,000 bushel of beans. From that time on the production of beans in this country steadily grew smaller while the importations increased by leaps and bounds, until we find that in the year 1920 there were produced in this country only
388.000 'bushels of beans, while in the same year 444,000 bushels were imported. In other words, for the year 1920 there were 56,000 bushels more imported than there were produced in Canada. I think that all hon. members will agree with me that that is a big change in this one industry in twenty years, all owing to the low duty of 25 cents per bushel on beans coming into our country. And further importations were as follows for
* five years from 1921 to 1925:
Year . Bushels Value1921 203,725 $637.6321922 148,157 376,7921923 329,974 777,2141924 29S647 754,0901925 150,524 350,369Total 1,131,027 2,746,097
In other words, nearly 13,000,000 has gone from Canada to enrich the producers of this commodity in some other country, while here at home many of our producers are still holding their last year's stock. For the months of January and February, and March of this year beans to the extent of 68,167 bushels, valued at 8146,907 have come in under this low duty.
. Now, Mr. Speaker, I do not think that this is fair or equitable to the bean producers of this country, and I sincerely hope that this duty on beans will be raised as high as the duty imposed by the nation to the south of us on the same product. I want to say that as long as I am a member of this House I will continue to fight for an increase of this duty, because in doing so I contend that I am only trying to get justice for our bean producers.
There are a great many industries in this Country that need more protection than they have at present, such as our woollen mills, our knitting plants, our coal fields, our pulp wood industry, and many others I could mention. It Is my humble opinion that if, instead of spending so much money trying to get immigrants into this country, the government would increase protection all round and get the wheels of industry turning, there would be no need to spend money trying to get people to come here; because as soon as it is known abroad that there is plenty of work in Canada, people will flock here by the thousands and in this
way our great Dominion will be built up and will soon become one of the greatest nations in the world.
Topic: THE BUDGET
Subtopic: CONTINUATION OF DEBATE ON THE ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE MINISTER OF FINANCE