Louis Charles Alphonse ANGERS

ANGERS, Louis Charles Alphonse

Personal Data

Charlevoix (Quebec)
Birth Date
January 1, 1854
Deceased Date
March 11, 1929
lawyer, teacher

Parliamentary Career

January 27, 1896 - April 24, 1896
  Charlevoix (Quebec)
June 23, 1896 - October 9, 1900
  Charlevoix (Quebec)
November 7, 1900 - September 29, 1904
  Charlevoix (Quebec)

Most Recent Speeches (Page 1 of 2)

September 1, 1903

Mr. CHARLES ANGERS (Cbarlevois).

(Translation.) Mr. Speaker, surely it is after such a protracted debate as this that the old maxim should be kept in mind : Silence is golden ; a principle too often disregarded by several of my hon. friends. However, I think it proper to say a few words on the proposed scheme, without attempting to discover new aspects of the question.

To be frank, I must admit that, at the outset, the grand scheme of a second transcontinental did not in the least appeal to me. With our population of six millions, and after paying $100,000,000 to build the Canadian Pacific Railway it seemed to me that the proposal was rather bold and hnsty. Then the Grand Trunk Company, who are so interested in directing our traffic to Portland, did not, to my mind, offer sufficient guarantee that the interests of our shipping ports would receive due consideration at their hands. Then again, I thought to myself that a second transcontinental located to the north of Lake Winnipeg, as proposed by the Trans-Canada Company, would ensure a shorter route and answer better the future requirements of our North-west at an early date. Lastly, the construction of a line from Quebec to Moncton without ascertaining beforehand what traffic there would be, and to what extent the Intercolonial might cope with it, seemed to me premature. I would also have thought it wiser on the part of the government, before binding themselves by contract, to have caused surveys to be made to find out the exact character and value of the country to be traversed and the probable cost of the undertaking. But I understand that these surveys will be made and that the road will be located at the most advantageous points, with a view to promoting colonization and industry and securing the easiest gradients in order to render practicable and profitable the haulage of grain and heavy freight from the west.

Besides, the debate, which was not to the advantage of the opposition, suggested new arguments and ideas, and I said to myself : my fears may be exaggerated, and the building of that transcontinental may be a source of great benefit to the country in general, and to my province in particular.

So, I think, it will be wise to lay aside my doubts and support the'measure.

All, or almost all, seem to think that the construction of a second transcontinental is unavoidable. Criticism bears rather on questions of detail. Besides, we are put face to face with two policies, and we have to choose between them. The hon. leader of the opposition, despising the easy ways of the critic, tried his hand at the difficult task of the inventor. He imagined a scheme for a transcontinental which is strange, to say the least. But the road he would build would have the double advantage of costing a great deal more than the Grand Trunk Pacific and of not' doing anything towards the development of that new country between Quebec and Winnipeg, which it would be so interesting and profitable to open up and settle.

So, the Grand Trunk Pacific is much preferable to that hybrid road, made up of sections bought or built, which the leader of the opposition has in his mind. And, as in politics, often we have to be content with relative perfection-the superiority of the government plan would be sufficient reason for my accepting it.

Moreover, several weighty arguments are brought forward in support of the proposal, and though they may not be conclusive, they nevertheless make it very likely that the undertaking will be fruitful of good results ; considerable development of traffic between the eastern provinces and the western, where immigration is booming and which will have to be supplied with manufactured goods, carriage of live stock and grain from the west, to Canadian ports, provided easy gradients allow haulage of freight under cheap and paying conditions : importance of opening up to industry and settlement, especially in Ontario and Quebec, new areas, abounding in water powers, in timber of all sorts and in fertile soils. And that argument from the point of view of Quebec, is evidently very conclusive, since this is probably the only chance we have of having a railway built at the expense of the Dominion government from *one end of the province to the other. Of course, I do not mean that the building of a railway will by itself ensure the settlement of the country it runs through. It is necessary, besides, that the settler be directed there, that he be protected systematically against his inexperience, against the lumberman, and guided in the choice of a location. We have already in Quebec favoured districts where colonization is dormant. To send the settler to a new country, without the necessary advice and help, would be exposing him to many disappointments.

I shall not. Sir, take up the time of the House by a detailed discussion of the clauses of the contract. That has already been done, and very thoroughly, by several who have already spoken. I shall only say that it seems to have been prepared with

care and a laudable concern for Canada's Intersts. Although it does not contain all the provisions I would have thought desirable that it should contain, nevertheless, it gives as reasonable and fair assurances, if carried out, that Canada will profit by it. And if we compare that contract with the Canadian Pacific Railway agreement, passed by the Conservative party, and in which they pride themselves so much to-day, it seems clearly to be less advantageous to the company and more profitable to us. Practically, the Canadian Pacific Railway was constructed at the expense of the country, and handed over to the shareholders who are getting fat dividends out of it to-day. And even if we add the present value of the lands granted to the cash subsidies and to the works donated, we find that to the cost of construction we have added numerous millions which the company rakes in to-day through the sale of those lands, whose value is ever increasing.

To the Grand Trunk Pacific we grant only a guarantee of interest. For seven years that interest will be left to our charge. That will amount to twelve or thirteen millions, including interest on cost of eastern section. True, we are building at our expense the eastern section from Moncton to Winnipeg, but the company agrees to pay the interest for forty-three years on the amount thus expended ; and at the expiry of the lease, that part of the road remains our property. In the case of the Canadian Pacific Railway, we paid the cost of builds ing the road, even more, and there is nothing left us, not even that efficient control over the rates, which is reserved to the government under the contract with the Grand Trunk Pacific.

To be in a position to judge of the value of a political act, it is often useful to resort to comparisons ; and if the Grand Trunk Pacific scheme is ahead, and away ahead, of the Canadian Pacific Railway agreement, and of the plan proposed by the leader of the opposition-and I am satisfied it is- that alone should induce our opponents to show greater fairness and reserve in their criticisms.

And now, Mr. Speaker, I may be allowed to make a short digression and to draw the attention of the government to a very interesting region deprived heretofore of railway communications ; the county of Charlevois, which I have the honour to represent and the neighbouring county of Saguenay which extends to the Atlantic. As has been stated over and over again in the course of this debate, the railway has become an almost indispensable factor of progress. We also in Charlevois would like to have the sun shine for us. Our population exceeds twenty thousand souls ; we have large areas of timber lauds where the lumbering industry is begun to acquire considerable importance : agriculture, live stock, dairying, properly encouraged, would give striking results. We

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September 1, 1903


possess unlimited iron ore deposits, which will, in the near future, I hope, be worked on an extensive scale. As all other taxpayers we have paid our quota of the country's revenue. Why should we not be put on the way of progress ? The country of Saguenay, whose interests are the same as ours as regards the building of a railway, is a vast region abundantly supplied with water powers, which facilitate the working of its immense forests. Mines of all descriptions are abundant and in the opinion of those who have made a study of the question, gives promise of the brightest future. Its fisheries all along the coast are coveted by our neighbours to the south. These reasons would suffice to render favourable to our cause this progressive government, so anxious to deal equitably with all. But, I may add motives of general interest, by stating that this railway running through Charlevois would become the first link of an important line for the shipping in all seasons of heavy freight to the Seven Island bay, an ideal seaport. As a matter of fact, the North Power and Navigation Company is spending enormous sums at that point for the purpose of establishing very important industries there, and making of it a winter seaport. That company has obtained during this session a charter authorizing it to connect Quebec to the Seven Islands bay by means of a railway which will cross the Saguenay in the vicinity of Chicoutimi, with branches to Murray bay and St. Paul's bay. According to all the information collected, the most favourable location and that which will be adopted, I am assured, will run through Charlevoix and ensure us quick and practical means of transportation.

That company request from the government the grant of a subsidy ; I trust their application will not be rejected. Already the government have given some evidence of their concern for my constituency in connecting Murray bay to the south shore by a ferry boat which enables us to reach the Intercolonial within an hour's time. But they will be prepared, I trust, to add to our gratitude, by granting us a new favour. The service provided is most beneficial to Murray bay and the neighbouring parishes. But I do not forget that my duty is to work for the best interests of my constituents, and to obtain for all the best means of transportation available. I think it fair to remark that this service between Murray bay and the south shore will not be a burden to the country, since the increase of traffic thereby ensured to the Intercolonial, will represent a substantial interest on the capital invested.

Then, to motives of local interest, I add those of a general character. That line from Quebec to Seven Islands will become an important link in our system of railways. The distance betwen these two points is about 300 miles. If we succeed in making of the Seven Islands bay an open port in all

seasons and in maintaining- navigation in winter time, which it seems quite possible to do, the proposed railway would acquire a very great importance, and Clarke city (as the Seven Islands settlement is called) would become a renowned shipping port. And who knows but, in the near future, that company would not find it practicable to carry out the great scheme of a railway extending to the coast of Labrador, on the Atlantic ocean, shortening as much as possible the distance on sea between Europe and America, and adding to our transcontinentals the most natural and useful of extensions that could possibly be desired.

I have heard, Mr. Speaker, a number of warm, stirring and poetical perorations concerning the brilliant future that awaits our beautiful and beloved country. Even if I were inclined to do the same, I might be prevented from doing so by a lack of sufficient confidence in my powers. However, I may say that I also have faith in the great future prosperity of Canada, and specially of the province of Quebec, not only in the physical sense, but in the moral as well, provided we remain faithful to the part assigned to us by Providence and provided also we do not neglect the great opportunities which are offering to us.

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July 13, 1903

Mr. C. ANGERS (Charlevoix).

(Translation). Mr. Chairman, with the indulgence of the House, I wish to join with the hon. member for Chicoutimi and Saguenay (Mr. Girard) in congratulating the lion. Minister of Agriculture on having introduced the Bill now before us. I think it will have a most decisive effect in checking the spread of weed seeds ; it would be wasting time to urge this point any further. However, X shall venture to suggest an amendment for the hon. minister's consideration, which would render it more effective. Its effect would be to protect certain parts at least of the province of Quebec against frauds inflicted on its farmers and which the latter, to my knowledge, are unable to detect beforehand. I refer to the sale of grain for seed which is not suitable for that purpose. It is to my knowledge that in the counties of Charlevoix and Chicoutimi and Saguenay, some years ago, a considerable quantity of rye was sold as spring rye, while it was an autumn variety. I know of farmers who after having sown, ten, fifteen and twenty bushels of this, did not reap a bushel the next autumn and found out to their sorrow that they had completely lost their time and money.

T remember that last year a large quantity of wheat was sold for seed, and after germinating the grain did not make enough growth to give a crop. In other words, farmers "are too often deceived as to the quality of the seed grain they buy. The evil I am pointing out may be difficult to do away with ; however, I think the hon. minister, with the practical turn of mind for which he is noted, will realize the importance of my suggestion and the need for providing a remedy.

It may be objected that farmers can protect themselves by requiring a guarantee from the dealer as to the quality of the seed grain he sells. Practically, that guarantee, does not amount to much. In the first place, many farmers buy with implicit confidence and do not require any guarantee whatever. Besides, dealers have become *cautious. They are careful to have printed on their invoices the words : ' Without any guarantee.' That has occurred on several occasions to my knowledge.

Therefore, it would be desirable, to my mind, to amend the Bill in such a way as to compel the dealer to ascertain the ger-minative power of wheat, rye and other grains which he has for sale. Such a clause might be drafted so as to protect also the farmer who, having asked for seed to be used in the spring, gets instead, seed which can be used for autumn sowing only, a practice very little followed in the province of Quebec.

Subtopic:   IN RED CLOVER, 1902.
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June 22, 1903


Did you say 176 miles ?

Topic:   JUXE 22, 1903 51S6
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April 24, 1902

Mr. ANGERS asked:


1. How many tenders have been received for the intended extension to the wharf at l'lle-aux-Coudres ?

2. What are the names of the tenderers, and

the amount, of each tender 7 .

3. To whom was the contract granted, and for what reasons ?

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