Joseph Oscar Lefebre BOULANGER

BOULANGER, Joseph Oscar Lefebre, K.C., B.A., B.C.L.

Personal Data

Bellechasse (Quebec)
Birth Date
November 3, 1888
Deceased Date
July 21, 1958

Parliamentary Career

September 14, 1926 - May 30, 1930
  Bellechasse (Quebec)
July 28, 1930 - August 14, 1935
  Bellechasse (Quebec)
October 14, 1935 - January 25, 1940
  Bellechasse (Quebec)

Most Recent Speeches (Page 2 of 86)

June 1, 1938

1. How many persons in the Quebec postal district are at present temporarily employed by the Post Office Department and without having passed the civil service examination?

2. What was the date of first appointment of each of these employees, the nature of his work and his salary?

3. How many persons in the postal district of Quebec successfully passed. the last civil service examination for positions as clerks, postal helpers, mail porters or letter carriers?

4. How many of the successful candidates at the last examination have actually secured employment in the Quebec postal district?

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April 7, 1938

1. What amount has the government paid to Mr. Ulderic Roy, of St. Michel de Bellechasse, for land, right of way and damages in connection with the construction of a range light on his property?

2. From the time of such construction to date, who were the range light keepers, and what was their annual rate of pay?

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April 4, 1938

Mr. BOULANGER (for Mr. Deslauriers):

For a copy of all papers, letters, telegrams, reports and other documents exchanged between the government or any officer thereof, and any other persons with respect to a lottery which was organized in favour of the Sherbrooke hospitals, in 1933, 1934, and 1935.

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March 30, 1938


For a statement of the number, occupation and salary of veterans employed in the Department of National Defence, who have served in any other army than the Canadian army, the date of their appointment and the length of their stay in Canada prior to their appointment in the Canadian civil service.

For a statement of the number, occupation and salary of veterans employed in the Department of National Revenue, who have served in any other army than the Canadian army, the date of their appointment and the length of their. stay in Canada prior to their appointment in the Canadian civil service.

For a statement of the number, occupation and salary of veterans employed in the Department of Pensions and National Health, who have served in any other army than the Canadian army, the date of their appointment and the length of their stay in Canada prior to their appointment in the Canadian civil service.

Use oj Canada's Financial Resources

use of Canada's financial resources for

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March 9, 1938


The resolutions were forwarded to the imperial government with a request for an amendment to the constitution, but the British government refused to submit them to parliament.

The moral of the story is, Mr. Speaker, that there would be more peace, harmony and understanding in Canada if we were less inclined to forget how our country was established. In order to ensure general agreement and the proper functioning of our administrative machinery, it is necessary to return to the true conception of what our fathers wanted Canada to be. It is essential to recognize frankly and honestly that there is only one government that can speak in the name of the whole nation and exercise jurisdiction in matters of national importance and general interest and that there is on this northern half of America but one sovereign state, but one country in the legal sense, but one nation. This country, one of the fathers of confederation described as follows:

I see in the distant future a great country bordering on the blue ocean, reflecting as of yore the shield of Achilles, the western mountain summits, the wliite-crested billows of the east, the meandering Assiniboine, the five great lakes, the St. Lawrence, the Saguenay, the St. John river, Minas Basin. On the shores of all these waters, in all the valleys to which they bring fertility, in all the cities and towns on their course, I see a generation of industrious, happy and moral men, free in theory as in practice-men capable of safeguarding, in peace as in war, a constitution worthy of such a country.

This country it is, in all its extent, in all its entirety, in all its essence, with its history,

its institutions and its aspirations, that I want to love, that I want to serve. I am proud of being a citizen of this country, in all parts of which I feel at home. And why not? The discoverers, explorers, and missionaries of my race, the settlers, the merchants, the artisans of my race have contributed to the physical development of Canada, just as in 1867 my forefathers contributed to its legal creation as a new unit among the nations of the world, and, ever since, the members of my race have continued to contribute to its national life.

Right and proper though it is to insist on provincial autonomy, one must not lose sight of federal autonomy. In other words, while the provinces are autonomous in the sphere of the powers, jurisdiction and objects assigned to them by the constitution, the federal government is autonomous in national and general matters, as I endeavoured to show a moment ago. The secret of the proper functioning of our system of government should consist in the absolute and scrupulous respect of the border line between federal and provincial jurisdiction. I attempted to show that our system of government is very simple in theory and that the distribution of powers is quite clear. I also endeavoured to point out that if in practice difficulties and conflicts arose, it was due to the fact that the original conception of confederation had been departed from. To this conception we should return. On it depends the harmony of the relations between the central and provincial governments. Otherwise, in the words of an editorial writer, Canada runs the risk of being " balkanized," that is of becoming a group of jealous and quarrelling states. It is easy to see that such a situation would hardly be conducive to the advancement and happiness of the country. No, the Dominion of Canada was not established in accordance with the definition that Lord Balfour gave of the British Commonwealth of Nations. It is not composed of self-governing nations equal to each other and in no way subordinate one to another either in domestic matters or external relations. It is a homogeneous country with a central government possessing the full powers of a national government and having subordinate governments with jurisdiction over local matters in definite territorial divisions.

Such is the conception which our fathers had of Canada. Let us return to it, and all difficulties of interpretation and conflicts of jurisdiction will vanish. Let us return especially to the spirit of 1867, to the spirit of tolerance, of frankness, of unselfishness, of understanding, of good will, of broad-mindedness that made confederation possible.

Dominion-Provincial Relations

Our fathers built solidly in 1867; they built for the future. They envisioned a country great, glorious and happy, a nation vigorous, united and determined to make its mark in world history. It is up to their descendants to transform this vision into reality. It is true that the world has evolved since 1867, that conditions have changed, but it should be easier for the Canadians of to-day to pursue and consolidate the undertaking of 1867 than it was at that time to create the Dominion of Canada. The ship of state may sail on unfamiliar seas, but those who are at the helm will bring it safely into port if they take their inspiration from those who built and launched it. The union and cooperation that made confederation possible will ensure its survival. Therefore, without ceasing to love the bit of land on which we were bom and where we grew up, let us shun that narrow and destructive provincialism which is the greatest of national dangers and the most formidable obstacle to the realization of Canada's destiny. Let us think and act as Canadians for the good of our country, of all our country, and our country is more than a province. In the words of Honore Mercier, let us put an end to fratricidal strife; let us be united.

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