Paul Joseph James MARTIN

MARTIN, The Right Hon. Paul Joseph James, P.C., C.C., Q.C., M.A., LL.M., Hon. LL.D., Hon. DCL, Hon. D.Humanities

Personal Data

Party
Liberal
Constituency
Essex East (Ontario)
Birth Date
June 23, 1903
Deceased Date
September 14, 1992
Website
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Joseph_James_Martin
PARLINFO
http://www.parl.gc.ca/parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=dbc81dd3-47f7-4448-a205-ccbf43047e83&Language=E&Section=ALL
Profession
barrister, diplomat, lawyer, lecturer

Parliamentary Career

October 14, 1935 - January 25, 1940
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
March 26, 1940 - April 16, 1945
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
  • Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Labour (May 7, 1943 - April 16, 1945)
June 11, 1945 - April 30, 1949
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
  • Secretary of State of Canada (April 18, 1945 - December 11, 1946)
  • Minister of National Health and Welfare (December 12, 1946 - November 14, 1948)
  • Minister of National Health and Welfare (November 15, 1948 - June 20, 1957)
June 27, 1949 - June 13, 1953
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
  • Minister of National Health and Welfare (November 15, 1948 - June 20, 1957)
  • Minister of Labour (August 2, 1950 - August 6, 1950)
August 10, 1953 - April 12, 1957
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
  • Minister of National Health and Welfare (November 15, 1948 - June 20, 1957)
June 10, 1957 - February 1, 1958
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
  • Minister of National Health and Welfare (November 15, 1948 - June 20, 1957)
March 31, 1958 - April 19, 1962
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
June 18, 1962 - February 6, 1963
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
April 8, 1963 - September 8, 1965
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
  • Secretary of State for External Affairs (April 22, 1963 - April 19, 1968)
November 8, 1965 - April 23, 1968
LIB
  Essex East (Ontario)
  • Secretary of State for External Affairs (April 22, 1963 - April 19, 1968)
  • Minister Without Portfolio (April 20, 1968 - March 31, 1969)

Most Recent Speeches (Page 1 of 4142)


October 24, 1973

Mr. Martin:

The person's decision on these matters will determine it. The Bishop will only be the tool who will be responsible to say yes or no. It is not a dictatorship. The Bishop will never say . ..

Topic:   GOVERNMENT ORDERS
Subtopic:   CANADA PENSION PLAN
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October 24, 1973

Mr. Martin:

Personally, I know of such a situation in the brotherhood where an older man at the prison-

Canada Pension Plan

I think that must be a misprint; I think it should be "community".

-decided on his own behind the curtains, but the situation has been corrected. It is not tolerated.

Certainly, the bill is not clear. The clause provides that the minister shall certify a religious sect or a division of a religious sect. Do those words mean that each individual will have to be certified, or the whole sect? As I have said, before the committee the Old Order Mennonites stated that the bishop would not be able to veto any application. In other words, if an individual member wanted to get out of the Canada Pension Plan, then as I understand it he would apply to do so and the bishop would not have the power to veto his application. I suppose such an individual could also apply to join the Canada Pension Plan. If the bishop found out an application had been made, I suppose he could ask the applicant to leave his church or following; but that is beyond the purview of our study. That is their concern, not ours.

Under the provisions of the bill, any money collected since 1970 will be returned to the individuals concerned, I suppose on their application. I believe that it should be for the individual to declare whether he is in the Canada Pension Plan or out of the plan, rather than a whole group being certified. If it is left up to the individual, there is a certain degree of freedom. A member of the modern Men-nonite faith can apply to get out of the CPP, but leaving it to the bishop is directly opposed to the wishes of the Mennonites who appeared before the committee. Because Mr. Martin clearly said:

If this bill passes, the person's standing will determine it.

Then, I asked them whether the bishop would be able to veto, and both Mr. Snyder and Mr. Martin said no. The clause refers to a religious sect or a division of a religious sect, and I should like to know what that means. Is a division of a religious sect one-half of the following, one-quarter or one-tenth? Or is it just one person within the following?

For some strange reason, the Minister of National Revenue was not asked to appear before the committee which studied this bill to explain exactly how this money that has been collected from these people is going to be returned to them or how these people will be exempted. Surely, we should be able to ask the minister a couple of questions on that, particularly the question who can apply to get out of the plan, and whether if an individual applies the Department of National Revenue will automatically check off his name with the bishop, thereby giving power of veto to the bishop. Or is a person going to make an individual application to have himself and perhaps his family exempted? These questions make a major difference to the application of the act. If application is left to the individual with no power of veto given to the bishop, then anyone can apply to be exempt from the Canada Pension Plan on religious grounds providing they can convince the minister that their religious tenets and teachings are such that they wish to provide for themselves if they become disabled or retire.

I know my hon. friends in the NDP party-I always add the word "party"; they are just a group really and I should

Canada Pension Plan

call them the NDP group-will shudder at the thought that this is the beginning of the erosion of the compulsory aspects of the Canada Pension Plan. Four per cent of the Old Order Mennonites in Canada want to get out of the plan; the other 96 per cent may at some later date, if premiums rise and it is beneficial for them to do so.

I read the newspapers and am aware that this government follows very closely the teachings of Quebec. If Quebec says that the pension plan should be changed, then the government will change it. In Quebec, the premiums are now nearly double because of the amount of money collected, so without alarming anyone unduly we can rest assured that our contributions to the plan next year will be nearly double what they are this year, and that in the next session of parliament the Minister of National Health and Welfare will bring in another of these little bills and change the whole concept of the plan.

Taxes never go down, it seems; they just go up and up, and without a doubt the stage will come when many individuals want to get out of the plan and will ask for certification by the minister because they say their tenets and teachings are such as to enable them to provide for themselves when they become old or disabled, or for that matter widowed.

I hope the minister will clear up this question. I realize I can only speak once on any motion and this does handicap me to some extent because I should like to pursue a line of questioning with the minister on this point. As I say, the committee never called him before it, and this is part of my complaint about the way the committee handled the bill. They were slightly less than diligent in their examination of what may be the beginning of the erosion of the Canada Pension Plan if the minister readily certifies the exemption of too many people, or if he takes the bishop's word that his flock is really several times larger than it actually is. The plan, in other words, will fail to be universal in its application if we continue to allow people to get out of the plan. The principle on which the plan was founded was that of universality. This is why participation was compulsory. This aspect is now being eroded. This particular part will determine how great that erosion might be in years ahead.

Perhaps the minister could explain what is meant by "certificate" and who will apply for certification. Will it be the bishop of the church or a minister in charge of one single Hutterite community, or will the bishop of the Hutterite group in Canada apply for a certificate across the board? As I understand their religion, there are two groups of Hutterites in Canada and perhaps one from each group would be required to apply for certification. I think this is a matter that should be cleared up, and perhaps the minister could give us an explanation.

Topic:   GOVERNMENT ORDERS
Subtopic:   CANADA PENSION PLAN
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October 24, 1973

Mr. Martin:

No.

Topic:   GOVERNMENT ORDERS
Subtopic:   CANADA PENSION PLAN
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January 11, 1971

Mr. Martin O'Connell (Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Regional Economic Expansion):

Province

Newfoundland

Prince Edward Island

Nova Scotia

New Brunswick

Quebec

Ontario

Manitoba

Saskatchewan

Alberta

British Columbia

Estimated

Financial

Grant

(a)

$ 826,446

995,273 19,415,222 15,147,577 33,589,667 5,525,773 4,902,911 1,360,690 3,491,518 502,837

New

Employment

(b)

279

1,299

2,285

7,532

1,419

1,475

744

Total

$85,757,914 16,065

January 11, 1971

Topic:   QUESTIONS ON THE ORDER PAPER
Subtopic:   FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL GRANTS TO NOVEMBER, 1970
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February 9, 1970

Mr. Martin O'Connell (Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Regional Economic Expansion):

Mr. Speaker, I quite understand the interest of the hon. member for Abitibi in the development of northwestern Quebec and particularly in the building of the road from Villebois to James Bay which is undoubtedly a project of great interest for the people of the area.

Last week, the Minister of Regional Economic Expansion (Mr. Marchand) received a letter from the La Sarre Chamber of Commerce asking for financial help for the construction of that road.

In view of the fact that this request is now under consideration, it is much too early to announce what decision will be made in this respect. However, I should like to point out to the hon. member that the building of roads comes mainly under provincial jurisdiction and that according to the departmental terms of reference, financial help can only be granted for that kind of project if it comes within the framework of the special area program. Furthermore, such projects have to be essential to the success of a development plan prepared for that area.

Therefore, the minister will have to take this important factor into consideration in the answer he will give to the La Sarre Chamber of Commerce in the near future.

DEBATES 3401

Proceedings on Adjournment Motion [English]

Topic:   REGIONAL ECONOMIC EXPANSION-ABITIBI- CONSTRUCTION OF ACCESS ROAD
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