Personal Data

Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)
Birth Date
January 30, 1866
Deceased Date
May 30, 1929

Parliamentary Career

November 3, 1904 - September 17, 1908
  Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)
October 26, 1908 - July 29, 1911
  Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)
September 21, 1911 - October 6, 1917
  Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)
December 17, 1917 - October 4, 1921
  Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)
December 6, 1921 - September 5, 1925
  Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)
October 29, 1925 - July 2, 1926
  Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)
September 14, 1926 - May 30, 1930
  Laprairie--Napierville (Quebec)

Most Recent Speeches (Page 1 of 67)

May 14, 1928

Mr. LANCTOT (Translation):

Mr. Chairman, I had the privilege of being present at the sittings of the committee on agriculture

which, some time ago, recommended the adoption of this bill. To-day, I wish to set forth the viewpoint of the province of Quebec, because in this country there are various qualities of hay. I wonder whether Alberta, among other provinces, grows really hay for commercial purposes. I rather think that this bill is especially introduced to please the farmers of Alberta, because there is a variety of other things in their hay. They made the sale of this hay legal, although they admitted that it contained wood and bones of animal carcases, etc.

As I stated, before the committee of agriculture, there are to-day all kinds of new machinery to take care of the hay crop, work which we old timers of Quebec used to do by hand. I am still in favour of grading the hay in the field after it has been mowed and raked separately; we do not gather it in hay-cocks to-day because we have hay loaders. Unfortunately, this makes the hay more difficult to grade. It is different with grain, which we can pass through the fanning-mill, and if necessary we pass it through two or three times so as to obtain grain suitable for seeding. The hay cannot be put through the same process. For instance, in one mording about 20 arpents of hay is cut on a piece of land measuring 15 arpents in length by li to 2 arpents in width; let us suppose that we have in succession a strip of pure clover, another of mixed clover, and a third of fine timothy; in my father's time all the timothy, the pure clover and the mixed clover were handled separately and also placed in different bays in our barns so that we had some fine, medium and ordinary hay. We therefore had a bay of fine hay, a bay of medium hay and a bay of ordinary hay. When it was taken into the bam we could separate the various qualities and we sold the hay according to its grading, Nos. 1, 2 or 3; who could grade the hay to-day while it is being pressed since it is all mixed? Grading is simply impossible. I have been a hay dealer for the last 36 years. I employ, to grade the hay, men with experience, as well qualified as any inspector of the Department of Agriculture. When I purchase 100 tons of hay from a farmer I send an expert; the latter examines two cars and grades them. He places in one car the best quality of hay and that of medium quality in one of the warehouses which we have here and there throughout the district where the hay is bought. If the hay was graded in the fields we could caution the farmer; and he would bring us

Dumping Duty-Mr. Anderson (Halton)

hay of good quality only and we would not be bothered with the kind of hay which we are apt to have in storage. In my own county the farmers bring me good hay, because I tell them to grade and separate it in the fields. I am aware that for a farmer who has very little hay to sell and but one barn, it is harder. However, when farmers have three or four barns at their disposal for hay, they can grade it better than inspectors and dealers. We, the dealers, together with our experts, grade it the best we can, yet the hay is mixed, it can be camouflaged but this does not often happen in a county where the dealer can warn the farmers and tell them to do the right thing. You know that the careful person is always in demand; he goes to the trouble of grading his hay and sells a better product. As a rule we pay him sufficiently to indemnify him for his trouble.

In regard to this measure and many others introduced by the Department of Agriculture, we find it is overdone and it is very annoying to have so many acts in regard to every thing and which have no meaning.

As to the province of Quebec which grows a great deal of both timothy and other hay of good quality, I think that the expert, who championed the bill before the committee of Agriculture (Mr. Clarke), should allow the old dealers to carry on without troubling them. We can assure him that the experts of the Department of Agriculture cannot do any better than we can.

Full View Permalink

May 8, 1928

Mr. ROCH LANCTOT (Laprairie-Napier-ville) (Translation):

Mr. Speaker, I entered the house just as the hon. member for Victoria, B.C. (Mr. Tolmie), the ex-minister of Agriculture, was discussing Canadian vegetables. I strongly favour the policy of giving protection to our farmers, for they are greatly in need of it. However, after discussing the matter over with my hon. colleagues on this side, when the question was brought to their attention by the delegation from Quebec and other parts of the country which came to Ottawa, the right hon. Prime Minister pointed out to us the tariff that was agreed upon in 1926, for a period of twelve months. People living in towns openly advocated that we should not enact too high a tariff, because certain kinds of vegetables are not grown in the province of Quebec or in any other province. I agreed with their views that we should have a seasonal tariff. I agree with all those who advocate a protective tariff for our vegetables seeing that we have the Americans competing against us. We must bear in mind that the United States grow vegetables at all seasons, while we have but one season to produce them. There are in my riding a few thousand farmers who grow vegetables, and I wish to state that our crop of potatoes, tomatoes and a great quantity of garden products were very remunerative last year. I am still in favour of giving this protection to my people who have treated me so kindly ever since I have had the, honour to represent them in this house. Later on when Que-

Dumping Duty-Mr. Lanctot

bee will have its own supply of potatoes and other garden vegetables, I shall be among those who will come to Ottawa to interview the Minister of Customs, the right hon. Prime Minister and his colleagues, and request them to apply the seasonal tariff of which we shall then be in need for a period of three or four months, as the case may be. This will also apply to all the vegetables grown in my county.

I have on many occasions stated in my riding, and I 'have also told a number of my colleagues in this house, that last year we enjoyed a protective tariff and that we made money. We are indeed very grateful. There must not be only one class of society to enjoy protection. We give protection to the manufacturers of this country; therefore, I state that it is high time to also protect the farmers. Since there is a contention put forth at -present, that the salaries of a certain class of people are not sufficiently high, it is also time that we look after the interests of the farmers. The country may 'be prosperous for certain classes of people but it is not so for the farming element. If there is one person who has a knowledge of farming conditions,

I should be the one, for I am a hay and grain dealer in the county of Laprairie-Napier-ville. I endeavour to give the farmers, who work day and night to supply the Montreal market with garden products, all the protection possible.

I did not expect to deal with this question, but since my hon. friend from Victoria (Mr. Tolmie) brought on this debate, I deem it my duty to plead for a few moments the cause of my constituents. I wish to state, sir, that I shall bear in mind the statements which were again made to-night by the right hon. Prime Minister: that we should have a higher protective tariff than we have at present, in order that our country may benefit from the sale of early potatoes. Last year, in my own county, we sold on the Montreal market thousands of bags of potatoes; we were able to compete with the Americans on our own markets. The people of Laprairie-Napierville did not sell their potatoes at the price the hon. Minister of Railways (Mr. Dunning) paid for them last year, that is $12.50 per barrel, they were sold at $5.50 and $6 per barrel, or $3 per bag for the first week, gradually coming down in price to $1.50 per bag, and we were quite satisfied. I state that by an intensive production and a protective tariff we would do away with American competition on our own markets.

There are in my riding four factories, canning tomatoes, peas, beans and com. That goes to show that our tomato production is 56103-179

considerable. Why not encourage our farmers and force the Americans to stay in their own country? Why should the Americans have a market in this country to sell their vegetables, when they have a population of 115,000,000 people? That is why in closing my remarks I state: it is more than time to protect our truck farmers and the farmers as a whole. Had I my notes with me I could discuss this question more at length, but I did not think this subject would come up this evening.

Full View Permalink

May 3, 1928


In answer to my hon. friend I will tell him that I do not need to do that, because I have no public building in my riding.

Subtopic:   EDITION
Full View Permalink

March 20, 1928

Mr. ROCH LANCTOT (Laprairie-Napier-ville):

I should like to know if I gathered

a wrong impression in understanding the hon. member for South Wellington (Mr. Guthrie) to say a little while ago that all hon. members on this side were in favour of an increase in the salary of judges?

Full View Permalink

March 20, 1928


I did not say they were too high; I said they were high enough.

Topic:   192S
Full View Permalink